Giovanni Villani

(redirected from Filippo Villani)
Giovanni Villani
BirthplaceFlorence
Occupation
Banker, Official, Diplomat, Chronicler

Villani, Giovanni

 

Born in the second half of the 13th century in Florence; died there in 1348. Florentine chronicler and statesman.

During 1316-1321, Villani was a priore (member of the government) of the Florentine republic. His chronicle, dedicated to the history of Florence, brings the exposition of events up to 1348 and contains rich and sufficiently precise material on Florentine economics.

It also provides a summary of political events in Italy in the first half of the 14th century. The author reflects the moods of the popolo grasso. In his works a medieval world view is combined with a realism in the description of events that is characteristic of the Renaissance. Villani’s brother Matteo continued the chronicle to the year 1363, and then a nephew, Filippo, brought it up to 1364.

WORKS

Cronica. Florence, 1923.

REFERENCES

Rutenburg, V. I. Narodnye dvizheniia v gorodakh Italii XIVnachala XV vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958. Pages 331-32.
Fiumi, E. “La demografia fiorentina nelle pagine di G. Villani.” Archivio Storico Italiano, vol. 108, 1950, pp. 78-158.
Fiumi, E. “Economia e vita privata dei fiorentini nelle rivelazioni statistiche di G. Villani.” A rchivio Storico Italiano, vol. Ill , 1953, pp. 207-41.

V. I. RUTENBURG

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Piu precisamente, sulla formulazione del consiglio nel racconto di Guido, "lunga promessa con l'attender corto/ti fara triunfar nell'alto seggio", non propriamente riducibile al senso comunemente attribuitole del prometter molto e mantenere poco, Tavoni vede aprirsi il contenzioso con le fonti storiografiche, da Matteo e Filippo Villani a Riccobaldo da Ferrara, e da qui il suo discorso si allarga a considerazioni sull'atteggiamento ideologico di Dante nei confronti delle nascenti signorie romagnole.
Porem, Filippo Villani (1325-1405), ao continuar a tarefa comecada pelo tio e seguida pelo pai, estabeleceu uma importante mutacao na maneira de conceber os acontecimentos marcantes da historia florentina.
Filippo Villani, professor de Jurisprudencia em Florenca, na juventude deslocava-se ate a Igreja florentina de Santo Stefano, para frequentar as licoes de Boccaccio.
Mas o amplo conjunto de biografias de florentinos ilustres, escritas por Filippo Villani, inicia-se com a vita do poeta antigo Claudiano, ativo entre 395 e 404 d.C.
Coluccio Salutati and Filippo Villani advance arguments to recuperate him.
Among the Florentines Gilson considers are Coluccio Salutati, Filippo Villani, Giovanni Gherardi da Prato, Cino Rinuccini, Leonardo Bruni, Francesco Filelfo, Matteo Palmieri, Leon Battista Alberti, Angelo Poliziano, and Lorenzo de' Medici.
Besides the pervasive echoes of Cicero's dialogues, now traced in Mortensen's important article (Classica et Medievalia, 1986), Bruni also borrows from the letters and De ingenuis moribus of Pier Paolo Vergerio, to whom the Dialogi are dedicated, as well as from other humanists including Petrarch, Salutati, Poggio Bracciolini, Filippo Villani, and Bruni himself.
Second: she drives a continuous parallelism between Boccaccio and the Latin classic authors, Virgil, Ovid, Cicero, Statius, and Ennius, classic authors of Boccaccio's time such as Dante and Petrarch, and also minor authors like Giacomo Da Lentini, Filippo Villani, Brunerto Latini, and Cino Da Pistoia.
See now also Tanzini on the late Trecento biographer Filippo Villani.
(63.) Consider Boccaccio's adoption of the pseudonym Filostrato in his youthful works, his defense of his poetry in the introduction to Day IV, the day ruled by Filostrato, and Filippo Villani's description of Boccaccio as "sermone faceto er qui concionibus delectarentur," "witty in speech and delighting in conviviality" (18).
[37] Unlike the Trecento historian Filippo Villani, whose history of Florence listed Florentines famed for literature, art, and military performance, Gino Rinuccini's (ca.
Croniche di Giovanni, Matteo, e Filippo Villani. Trieste, 1857.