Film Festival


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Film Festival: Sundance Film Festival

Film Festival

 

a screening and creative competition of works of cinematic art.

Film festivals are held in order to provide exposure for the best films and cinematographic trends and to promote cooperation and the exchange of experience among cinematographers. There are festivals of feature films, newsreels and documentaries, popular-scientific and educational films, and animated cartoons. The festivals last a day, a week, ten days, or a month or run as part of a series; the name of the festival often reflects this status. Festivals are arranged for domestic films and for the best film works of other countries. Festivals of national films are held abroad as well. The types and number of film festivals are growing. There are amateur film festivals as well as festivals of films made by professional directors.

Festivals of the cinematic art of the Union republics and thematic shows associated with major sociopolitical events or significant dates in the history of the country have become popular in the USSR. The All-Union Film Festival, which exhibits films made in the studios of all the Union republics, has been held since 1958.

The first International Film Festival was held in Venice in 1932. The first film festival held in Moscow was organized in 1935. International film screenings have become extremely popular since the latter 1940’s. They are held in many of the countries of Europe, North and South America, Asia, and Africa and in Australia. Sometimes international film festivals are organized as part of music or theater festivals, World’s Fairs, and democratic youth and student festivals. Generally the best films and their makers receive awards, prizes, or diplomas.

The International Association of Producers (founded in 1933), one of the purposes of which is the maintenance of festival regulations, has established several classes of international film festivals, based on significance. Class A includes the festivals in Venice (established in 1932), Cannes (1946), Karlovy Vary (1950), West Berlin (1951), San Sebastian (1953), and Moscow (1959). One of the largest exhibitions of world cinema is the International Film Festival in Moscow, held every other year with the motto “For humanism in cinema art, for peace and friendship among nations.” Feature, documentary, popular-scientific, and children’s films are entered in the competition.

The organization and nature of film festivals in the capitalist countries are influenced by the commercial interests of the film monopolies. The festivals of socialist countries, on the other hand, are screenings of progressive cinema, an affirmation of humanism, peace, and friendship among peoples. Soviet films gain numerous victories, winning the hearts of audiences with the truthfulness of their depiction of life and with their consummate craftsmanship.

REFERENCES

Iurenev, R. Na mezhdunarodnykh kinofestivaliakh. Moscow, 1959.
Kino i vremia: Biulleten’, issue 2, books 1–2. Moscow, 1962–63.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2012, Saleh Nass' film Lu'bba screened at more than 20 international film festivals, most notably Slamdance Film Festival.
The gold went to the Cannes International Film Festival 2013 and the bronze was presented to ten festivals, including Quinzaine des Realisateurs 2013, the Tokyo International Film Festival, the Paris Festival for Different and Experimental Cinema 2013 and the Massachusetts Independent Film Festival 2013.
This year, DFI has put together a selection of films from the Arab world to be shown at Sarajevo Film Festival (August 16 to 24) including Mahdi Fleifel's A World Not Ours (UK/Lebanon/Denmark; 2012) and Ahd's Sanctity (Saudi Arabia; 2012).
Some of them are jury special award at the Istanbul Film Festival, best film and scenario awards at Adana Golden Boll Film Festival, and best new Middle Eastern narrative director in Middle East award at the International Middle East Film Festival.
Outside of the Toronto International Film Festival juggernaut in September, Toronto's film festivals are now crammed into a narrow window between early April and early June.
While toy giant Mattel didn't seem to mind about Barbie and Ken being used in Superstar, it has been less forgiving of Argentinian filmmaker Albertina Carri, whose recent lesbian short Barbie Can Also Be Sad was pulled from a film festival in Mexico as a result of legal action taken by the company.
Even though The Keeper was well received at the 1996 Sundance Film Festival, it did not emerge with a distribution deal.
African-American Women in Cinema Film Festival November, New York
Certainly, it has been noted that the New Film Festival, chiefly programmed by Claude Chamberlan, gains by its calendar placement so soon after TIFF.