Born Mar. 28, 1883, in Stara Zagora; died Feb. 1, 1945, in Sofia. Bulgarian political figure. Academician of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1929); president of the academy from 1937 to 1944.
Filov was minister of education from 1938 to 1940 and head of the government from 1940 to 1943. On Mar. 1, 1941, he signed the Vienna Agreement, under which Bulgaria joined the Berlin Pact of 1940; on the very same day, German troops invaded Bulgaria. In September 1943, Filov became a member of the regency council. After the government of the Fatherland Front came to power on Sept. 9, 1944, Filov was arrested. Tried by a people’s court of Bulgaria, he was found guilty of involving the country in World War II on the side opposing the Allied powers and was executed.