LaGuardia, Fiorello Henry

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LaGuardia, Fiorello Henry

(fēərĕl`ō, ləgwär`dēə), 1882–1947, U.S. public official, congressman, and mayor of New York City (1934–45), b. New York City. He spent his early years in Arizona with his father, an army bandmaster who had come from Italy to the United States. LaGuardia went to Europe while still a youth, and was employed by the U.S. consulates in Hungary, Trieste, and Fiume. Returning to New York City, he studied law while working (1907–10) in the U.S. immigration service, and was admitted (1910) to the bar. He ran for Congress on the Republican ticket unsuccessfully in 1914, but won in 1916 after a vigorous campaign against the Tammany machine. In Congress he joined in the successful fight for the liberalization of the House rules. He commanded (1917) U.S. air forces on the Italian-Austrian front in World War I. LaGuardia was president (1920–21) of the New York City board of aldermen and returned (1923–33) to the House of Representatives, where he fought for numerous labor reforms and sponsored the Norris-LaGuardia Act, which prohibited injunctions in labor disputes.

With the backing of Samuel SeaburySeabury, Samuel,
1873–1958, American jurist, b. New York City; great-great-grandson of Samuel Seabury (1729–96). He served on the supreme court (1907–14) and on the court of appeals (1914–16) of New York state.
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, LaGuardia successfully ran (1933) for mayor of New York City on the Fusion ticket. As mayor he executed a vast program of reform. He reduced political corruption, forwarded the modernization and beautification of the city, brought about the adoption (1938) of a new city charter, introduced slum clearance projects, and improved health and sanitary conditions. "The Little Flower" (from his first name), a shrewd, nonpartisan, and uncorruptable spokesman for urban America, was reelected mayor of New York City for three consecutive four-year terms, but chose not to run again in 1945. LaGuardia served (1946) as director of the UN Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. His courage, enthusiasm, and energy made him a nationally known figure.


See his autobiography (ed. by M. L. Werner, 1948, repr. 1961); biography by A. Mann (2 vol., 1959–65, repr. 1969); E. Cuneo, Life with Fiorello (1955); H. Zinn, LaGuardia in Congress (1959, repr. 1969); T. Kessner, Fiorello H. LaGuardia and the Making of Modern New York (1989); A. Brodsky, The Great Mayor (2003); M. B. Williams, City of Ambition (2013).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Training: The Juilliard School, Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts, The Ailey School
One instance of walking to the beating of her own drum was when Paulson auditioned for admission to New York City's Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts.
Lourdes is set to graduate from the Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music and Art and Performing Arts.
WHERE was Fiorello H. LaGuardia the mayor from 1934-45?
The sale included a 1934 Packard Eight Sedan that fetched pounds 19,250 and was originally supplied to Fiorello H. LaGuardia, a prominent political figure in America who served three terms as Mayor of New York from 1934 to 1945.
Mendik worked tirelessly to improve relations with City Hall and become a friend of Mayor Rudy Giuliani who chose him as the 1996 recipient of the Fiorello H. LaGuardia Award.
(8) Thomas Kessner, Fiorello H. LaGuardia and the Making of Modern New York (New York: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1989), 371-373.
For the inaugural presentation of the restored Snug Harbor Cultural Center in Staten Island, the appropriate nod goes to the classic tuner about beloved former New York Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia. The 1959 Pulitzer Prize winner reopens the long-dormant cultural center, which first bowed in 1892 and is right behind Carnegie Hall as Gotham's second-oldest concert hall.
The beloved New York Mayor Fiorello H. LaGuardia once said, "When I make a mistake, it's a beaut." Too bad LaGuardia wasn't around this year to witness some of the "beauts" made by the technology sector.
The Fiorello H. LaGuardia Award recognizes individuals who, through their contributions, exemplify the compassion, courage, and determination of the city's legendary mayor.
"They became a part of me." Since his parents couldn't afford dance classes, Richardson auditioned for Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts in Manhattan and earned a place as a freshman.
Past recipients of the Fiorello H. LaGuardia Award include former President Bill Clinton, Merrill Lynch Chairman and CEO Stan O'Neal, former Senator George J.