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(both: fərdou`sē), c.940–1020, principal Persian poet, author of the Shah Namah [the book of kings], the great Persian epic. His original name was Abul Kasim Mansur; he is thought to have been born of a yeoman family of Khorasan. He received a thorough education in Muslim learning and in the Persian language and antiquities. The course of his life is not certain because of the immense accretion of legend about it. He lived at the court of Mahmud of GhaznaMahmud of Ghazna
, 971?–1030, Afghan emperor and conqueror. He defeated (c.999) his elder brother to gain control of Khorasan (in Iran) and of Afghanistan. In his raids against the states of N India, Mahmud, a staunch Muslim, destroyed Hindu temples, forced conversions to
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, with a group of antiquarians. In order to glorify Persia's past, Firdausi undertook his epic history, which opens with the creation of the universe and, combining history and myth, tells the story of ancient Persia, beginning with its first king and ending with its 7th-century conquest by Muslim Arabs. He dedicated the work to the king, who paid him less than Firdausi expected. In retaliation, the poet wrote a savage satire on the king (usually used as a preface to editions of the Shah Namah) and fled. He wandered from court to court and arrived in his old age at his home. His poem, in nearly 60,000 verses, is the first great work of modern Persian literature. In it Firdausi set the mark for Persian poetry with his even rhyme, stately cadences, and continuous flow. The poem has taken a singular place in Iran, and long sections of it are commonly recited by ordinary citizens and illiterate tribespeople alike. The version of the Shah Namah illustrated for the Shah Tahmasp in the early 16th cent., now known as the Houghton Shah-Nameh (facsimile ed. 1972), is one of the masterpieces of world art.


See Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings (tr. 2006).


, Firdusi
pen name of Abul Qasim Mansur ?935--1020 ad, Persian epic poet; author of Shah Nama (The Book of Kings), a chronicle of the legends and history of Persia
References in periodicals archive ?
Strategic planning in higher education, Mashhad, Jahad Daneshgahi publications of Firdausi University.
If Persia celebrates Omar more for his scientific than his literary achievements, it holds up Abu'l-Qasim, known by the nom de plume Firdausi (ca.
This collection of 15 essays delves into the reception of and later versions created from the Persian epic by Firdausi.
Hakim Abu'l-Qasim Firdowsi Tusi commonly transliterated as Ferdowsi (or Firdausi, Firdavsi), (940-1020 C.
A thousand years ago, Persian poet Abu'l-Qasim Firdausi penned this epic story of the kingdom of Iran, from the myths of its earliest times to the historical Arab conquest in the 7th century.
Among the modern studies of Ferdowsi and the Shahnama mention should be made of Das Iranische Nationalepos ("The National epic of Iran") (Berlin, 1920) by the German Orientalist Theodor Noldeke; Glossar zu Firdousis Schahname ("Dictionary of Ferdowsi's Shahnama") (Berlin, 1935) by Fritz Wolff; Firdausi et l'epopee nationale ("Ferdowsi and the National Epic") (Paris, 1934) by the French scholar Henri Masse; Hamase sara'yee dar Iran ("Epic Poetry in Iran") by the Iranian scholar Zabihullah Safa (in Persian, Tehran, 1954); Ketab Shenasi Ferdowsi ("Bibliography of Ferdowsi") by Iraj Afshar (Tehran, 1976); Ferdowsi: A Critical Biography by Shapur Shabazi (Harvard University Press, 1991); Ferdowsi by Mohammad Amin Riyahi (in Persian, Tehran, 1996).
The author, Firdausi, presented his epic poem of 30,000 couplets, the result of 35 years work, to Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna in 1010AD.
Whether Rohinton Mistry's realist fiction was inspired by Faiz's revolutionary romanticism is not known but his work is clearly inspired by Firdausi, Eliot and Tagore.
The delightful preparations like Aamras E Firdausi, Chilled Jamaican Soup, Mallhiabadi Aam Shahi Shikampuri Kebab, Kairi Murgh, Ampudo Sonar Daal, Fajeto and many more give your taste buds the right flavour of the season where taste and appetite is a challenge.
Hussain R, Jamil S, Kifayet A, Firdausi F, Dockrell HM, Lucas S, et al.
Owner of Firdausi Hotel near the mausoleum Muhammad Ismail told this news agency the city was looking very beautiful when its cleaned for the New Year celebration.