Firdausi

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Related to Firdawsi: Ibn Rushd, Shahnameh

Firdausi

Firdausi or Ferdowsi (both: fərdouˈsē), c.940–1020, principal Persian poet, author of the Shah Namah [the book of kings], the great Persian epic. His original name was Abul Kasim Mansur; he is thought to have been born of a yeoman family of Khorasan. He received a thorough education in Muslim learning and in the Persian language and antiquities. The course of his life is not certain because of the immense accretion of legend about it. He lived at the court of Mahmud of Ghazna, with a group of antiquarians. In order to glorify Persia's past, Firdausi undertook his epic history, which opens with the creation of the universe and, combining history and myth, tells the story of ancient Persia, beginning with its first king and ending with its 7th-century conquest by Muslim Arabs. He dedicated the work to the king, who paid him less than Firdausi expected. In retaliation, the poet wrote a savage satire on the king (usually used as a preface to editions of the Shah Namah) and fled. He wandered from court to court and arrived in his old age at his home. His poem, in nearly 60,000 verses, is the first great work of modern Persian literature. In it Firdausi set the mark for Persian poetry with his even rhyme, stately cadences, and continuous flow. The poem has taken a singular place in Iran, and long sections of it are commonly recited by ordinary citizens and illiterate tribespeople alike. The version of the Shah Namah illustrated for the Shah Tahmasp in the early 16th cent., now known as the Houghton Shah-Nameh (facsimile ed. 1972), is one of the masterpieces of world art.

Bibliography

See Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings (tr. 2006).

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Firdausi

, Firdusi
pen name of Abul Qasim Mansur ?935--1020 ad, Persian epic poet; author of Shah Nama (The Book of Kings), a chronicle of the legends and history of Persia
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Shahnamih-yi Firdawsi (Firdawso's Epic of the Kings).
The exhibition wall panel recounts for the viewer the relevant passage from Firdawsi's poem: "There is nothing in the world so terrible and fearful as the fact that one comes like the wind and departs as a breath."
Abul-Qasim Firdawsi started composing the Shahnameh sometime around 975, a time of an emerging Persian renaissance.
The names of such Eastern giants as Firdawsi, Jami, Rumi, Nesimi, Nizami, and Omar Khayyam speak for themselves.
Ferdowsialso spelled Firdawsi, Firdusi or Firdousi, pseudonym of Abu ol-Qasem Mansur(b.
In the book under review, Nasrin Askari explores readings of Firdawsi's Shahnama that highlight "its characteristics as a book of ethico-political wisdom and advice for kings and courtly elites" (p.
A Literary History of Persia, volume 2: From Firdawsi to Sa'di, by Edward G.
In the Shahname as well, written by Firdawsi in Persian one thousand years ago, Alp Er Tonga is called "Afrasiyab"; Alp Er Tonga says, "Two-thirds of the world is in my hands, both Iran and Turan are my palaces." In other words, the ancient Turks, the forefathers of today's Uzbeks, ruled over two-thirds of the known world seven centuries before Christ, and such a historical and literary relic was left behind as proof.
Stoneman's own contribution, "Persian Aspects of the Romance Tradition," shows that motifs known from Alexander stories circulated in Persian literature not only after, but also independently of Firdawsi and Nizami-- he mentions Hamza (pp.
1010 by the poet Firdawsi, the Shah-nameh begins with the legendary history of Iran, continues through the historical period of the Sassanian kings, and ends with the Islamic period.
Commissioned in 1652 and named after Shamshir Khan Tarin, the governor of Ghazni province in Afghanistan, the text is a verse and prose abridgement of the Shahnama, the great Persian epic written by the poet Firdawsi and offered to his Ghaznavid governor Mahmud in 1010.