arson

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arson,

at common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, the malicious and willful burning of the house of another. Originally, it was an offense against the security of habitation rather than against property rights. Thus, a tenant could not be convicted of arson for burning the house that he rented from his landlord. Although this rule still holds in some states of the United States, in many others statutes have changed the meaning of the offense. Its application has been extended to buildings, structures, and vehicles that are not dwelling places, and greater stress has been placed on protection of property rights. Some statutes distinguish several degrees of arson, e.g., arson committed at night is considered more serious than arson committed in the daytime. In most states setting fire to one's own property to defraud an insurance company is specified as arson.
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arson

Criminal law the act of intentionally or recklessly setting fire to another's property or to one's own property for some improper reason
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
But reports of fireraising in the Dunbartonshire town plummeted to just two in 2012/13 after the Sharkeys' killers were arrested and remanded.
Referring to the latest fireraising, Vish Kathuria, prosecuting, said Beck was seen on a pub's CCTV to be under the influence of alcohol shortly before another camera captured him going into the car park behind North Lanarkshire Council's social work offices and adjacent flats.
He was found guilty of attempted fireraising, possessing two knives and holding a blade above his head following a three-day trial at Edinburgh Sheriff Court in August.
One of the most notorious peers is Lord Watson – former Labour MP Mike Watson – who was jailed in 2005 for fireraising at an Edinburgh hotel.
But jailing him, Sheriff Annalla Cowan said: "Wilful fireraising is simply not acceptable."
It involves a two-step process whereby a person suspected of fireraising will be given a yellow card.
Ryan Smith, 19, a convicted sex offender who targeted underage girls, previously pled guilty to wilful fireraising at the Gramps nature reserve.
The 19-year-old - who is already serving three years in detention, having been convicted at the High Court earlier this year of a number of sexual offences- subsequently pleaded guilty to wilful fireraising.
Police are treating the incident in Johnstone's Barochan Road as wilful fireraising.
At the High Court in Edinburgh yesterday, unemployed Johnson, 49, admitted two charges of wilful fireraising, aggravated by religious prejudice, in August.
Referring to the latest act of fireraising, Vish Kathuria, prosecuting, said Beck was seen on a pub's CCTV to be under the influence of alcohol shortly before another camera captured him going into the car park behind North Lanarkshire Council's social work offices and adjacent flats.
Few guests at the extravagant three–day celebration at Airth Castle near Falkirk knew of his twisted but lucrative sideline in drug dealing, intimidation and insurance fraud through fireraising.