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see pyrotechnicspyrotechnics
, technology of making and using fireworks. Gunpowder was used in fireworks by the Chinese as early as the 9th cent., and it was they who brought fireworks to a high stage of development. The use of fireworks for display has spread throughout the world.
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a decorative display of fire, produced by burning pyrotechnic compositions containing metal salts that color the flame. A firework display consists of fiery figures that change their color and shape in a fantastic manner. Such displays sometimes resemble a fountain of sparks and are often accompanied by sound effects, such as claps and blank shots. In English, the term “firework” means a device used to produce such a display.

The art of making fireworks was known in China and India several centuries before the Common Era. Italy was the first European country in which fireworks were made. Large-scale firework displays were put on in Vicenza, Italy, in 1379; in Augsburg, Germany, in 1519; in Warwick, England, in 1572; and in Fontainebleau, France, in 1606 and 1612. Fireworks, such as Bengal lights and skyrockets, were first manufactured in Japan in the 17th century and in Europe in the 18th century. In Russia, the first firework display was put on in the city of Velikii Ustiug in 1674.

A firework usually consists of a cardboard or plastic case, an ejection charge, a combustible powder, and small cylindrical or spherical masses of pyrotechnic composition called stars. Stars consist of oxidizers, salts that color the flames, and substances that serve as fuels and agglutinants. Ground fireworks are used to create such fiery figures as waterfalls, fountains, emblems, and slogans. The outlines of various pictorial, or lancework, pieces can be produced by igniting a large number of lances, or small cases of color composition, mounted on wooden or metallic frames.


Solodovnikov, V. M. Pirotekhnika: Proizvodstvo i szhiganie feierverka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Shidlovskii, A., A. Sidorov, and V. Antonov. “Iskusstvo upravleniia ognem.” Nauka i zhizn’, 1971, no. 6.
Fireworks. New York, 1972.


References in periodicals archive ?
Cost: Free St Cuthbert's Hospice Family Fireworks Night, Framwellgate School, Durham Come to Durham's only public fireworks display this year.
The kids will be happy during the fireworks display by paying a visit to the outdoor sweet shop.
The court asked searching questions including how the fireworks display could go ahead even after permission was denied, and whether a state government-ordered crime branch investigation was sufficient.
When the fireworks display started, the children went to the site to watch.
Other highlights include the Sandance music festival on the Palm's beach with a line-up of famous DJs, and the New Year's Eve Royal Gala Dinner which has front row seats at the midnight fireworks display.
I will go with my friends and watch the fireworks display at the Prince Sultan University since it is the closest to our area," said Moshref Hossain, a Bangladesh expatriate.
As of noon yesterday, Bulacan had identified 194 fireworks display areas out of its 569 barangays Aurora (23 out of 151) Bataan (68 of 237) Pampanga (29 of 507) and Tarlac (27 of 511).
In recent years, there were announcements that the fireworks display would be discontinue to do lack of funding and environmental concerns.
30pm there will be the main display Cost: Free Saturday, November 5 Gosforth Round Table - Bonfire & Fireworks Display, Broadway West Playing Fields, Gosforth There will be a wide range of attractions on the night at Gosforth and refreshments will be available.
EASTERN GREEN SOCIAL CLUB Experience a Coventry fireworks display with music by Spitfire Pyrotechnics on Saturday, November 5.
This year, the Burj Khalifa fireworks display is themed on a futuristic Dubai, underlining its 2020 vision while highlighting the UAE's achievements in the year gone by.