fundamental group

(redirected from First homotopy group)

fundamental group

[¦fən·də¦ment·əl ′grüp]
(communications)
In wire communications, a group of trunks that connect each local or trunk switching center to a trunk switching center of higher rank on which it homes; the term also applies to groups that interconnect zone centers.
(mathematics)
For a topological space, the group of homotopy classes of all closed paths about a point in the space; this group yields information about the number and type of “holes” in a surface.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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