FIRST

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first

1. preceding all others in numbering or counting order; the ordinal number of one. Often written: 1st
2. denoting the lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle
3. Music
a. denoting the highest part assigned to one of the voice parts in a chorus or one of the sections of an orchestra
b. denoting the principal player in a specific orchestral section
4. Education chiefly Brit an honours degree of the highest class
5. the lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle; low gear
6. Music
a. the highest part in a particular section of a chorus or orchestra
b. the instrument or voice taking such a part
c. the chief or leading player in a section of an orchestra; principal
7. Music a rare word for prime

FIRST

Abbrev. for Far Infrared and Submillimeter Space Telescope. An orbiting telescope under design for ESA and at present scheduled for launch in 2007. It will be used primarily for interstellar spectroscopic studies. FIRST is at present considered to be a 4.5-meter radiatively cooled infrared (Cassegrain) telescope. It will feed two or three instruments working at wavelengths from about 100 μm to 1 mm and giving high spectral and angular resolution. A direct imaging Fabry–Perot interferometer (operating at 85–180 μm), a heterodyne detector (200–600 μm), and a multiband imaging bolometric system (70 μm up to maybe 1.2 mm) are under consideration; these will require active cooling. See also Horizon 2000.

FIRST

(Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams) Founded in 1990, FIRST coordinates the efforts of dozens of CERTs, mostly governmental, from around the world. See CERT.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 32 first-born children, who participated in the study had a 21 percent reduction in insulin sensitivity and a 4 mmHg increase in blood pressure.
really cares if the laws of succession have been changed so first-born female heirs can inherit the throne?
If they succeed I hope there is a clause in the Bill which allows that first-born to say "No thank you" without being labelled a wimp or a traitor.
Partner: A first-born and a last-born often pair well as the organised, caring first-born will find it natural to nurture a less organised, more dependent last-born.
May William and Kate (above) be blessed with a clever first-born girl so this ridiculous law can be trashed for good.
If you do step one, two and three, you get the result that you are supposed to, so first-born children learn to become organized.
For more than a century, researchers have argued about whether first-born children tend to surpass their later-born siblings in intelligence.
Furthermore, according to the survey, first-born girls cost even more, with parents spending an average of pounds 638.
But the divide becomes more marked when the figures are broken down to take account of other siblings, with first-born daughters proving best at charming cash out of their parents.
28 a year off their parents' bank balances - 12 per cent more than first-born sons who cost only pounds 569.
GO TO BED Rameses: Death of the First-born (five, 8pm)