FIRST

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Related to First-past-the-post: proportional representation

first

1. preceding all others in numbering or counting order; the ordinal number of one. Often written: 1st
2. denoting the lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle
3. Music
a. denoting the highest part assigned to one of the voice parts in a chorus or one of the sections of an orchestra
b. denoting the principal player in a specific orchestral section
4. Education chiefly Brit an honours degree of the highest class
5. the lowest forward ratio of a gearbox in a motor vehicle; low gear
6. Music
a. the highest part in a particular section of a chorus or orchestra
b. the instrument or voice taking such a part
c. the chief or leading player in a section of an orchestra; principal
7. Music a rare word for prime

FIRST

Abbrev. for Far Infrared and Submillimeter Space Telescope. An orbiting telescope under design for ESA and at present scheduled for launch in 2007. It will be used primarily for interstellar spectroscopic studies. FIRST is at present considered to be a 4.5-meter radiatively cooled infrared (Cassegrain) telescope. It will feed two or three instruments working at wavelengths from about 100 μm to 1 mm and giving high spectral and angular resolution. A direct imaging Fabry–Perot interferometer (operating at 85–180 μm), a heterodyne detector (200–600 μm), and a multiband imaging bolometric system (70 μm up to maybe 1.2 mm) are under consideration; these will require active cooling. See also Horizon 2000.

FIRST

(Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams) Founded in 1990, FIRST coordinates the efforts of dozens of CERTs, mostly governmental, from around the world. See CERT.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is the General Election to deliver a knock-out blow to the discredited first-past-the-post voting system, which requires a hung Parliament and a referendum on PR.
Writing for WalesOnline during the AV referendum campaign, Hain stated that "as a democrat I cannot wish away the fact that first-past-the-post is no longer fit for purpose".
But the more first-past-the-post seats a party wins the less likely they are to win extra seats on the regional list.
He continued: "This is why we must change the Assembly electoral system to first-past-the-post if the parliamentary boundary changes take effect.
Since the Assembly was set up in 1999, 40 of the 60 AMs have been elected by first-past-the-post, with the remaining 20 on a regional basis by a form of proportional representation (PR).
The Conservatives back first-past-the-post - they ran the No campaign in the AV referendum.
And if one just wants to vote for one candidate, as in First-Past-The-Post, one will put a figure 1 by that name instead of an X.
To me this is consistent with their tactics throughout the campaign - they haven't wanted to defend first-past-the-post.
But his Liberal Democrat deputy insisted that getting rid of the current first-past-the-post system was the only way to tackle corruption at Westminster and prevent millions of voters being "ignored".
The May 5 vote on scrapping the first-past-the-post system for Westminster elections has been overshadowed by the March 3 referendum on full law-making powers for the Assembly and the Assembly poll, also on May 5.
With analysts in Australia warning that the haggling could go on for a week - or even longer - opponents of change to the current system in the UK said that Britain could face similar problems if it abandoned first-past-the-post voting for elections to Westminster.
But Shadow Justice Minister Eleanor Laing told the House of Commons during a debate about who should sit on the Electoral Commission, that all politicians should be elected under the traditional first-past-the-post system.