Fischart, Johann

Fischart, Johann

Fischart, Johann (yōˈhän fĭshˈärt), b. 1548, d. 1590 or 1591, German satirist and moralist. He lived in Strasbourg. He translated and paraphrased works by Rabelais called Geschichtsklitterung (1572, 1575, and 1590); by the Dutch writer Philip van Marnix, Bienenkorb [the beehive] (1579); and from a French source, Jesuiterhütlein [Jesuit's hat] (1580). Among his many works his versification of Till Eulenspiegel stories and his narrative poem Das Glückhafft Schiff von Zürich [the lucky boat of Zürich] (1576) are noteworthy. Fischart's writings are largely political and anti-Catholic polemics, witty and original.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fischart, Johann


Born 1546 or 1547 in Strasbourg; died 1590 in Forbach, Lotharingia. German satirist, publicist, and moralist.

Fischart, a Protestant, denounced the Catholic Church and the Jesuits and depicted the vices and virtues of the burghers. In his didactic work A Philosophical Booklet on Education for Marriage (1578) he advocated a strong family and sensible upbringing of children. In Geschichtsklitterung (1575), a free adaptation of the first book of F. Rabelais’s novel Gargantua and Pantagruel, Fischart demonstrated a verbal inventiveness, versatile erudition, and vividness of description of everyday life.


In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 2. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1962.


Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.
Spengler, W. E. Johann Fischart. Göppingen, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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