Fischart, Johann

Fischart, Johann

(yō`hän fĭsh`ärt), b. 1548, d. 1590 or 1591, German satirist and moralist. He lived in Strasbourg. He translated and paraphrased works by Rabelais called Geschichtsklitterung (1572, 1575, and 1590); by the Dutch writer Philip van Marnix, Bienenkorb [the beehive] (1579); and from a French source, Jesuiterhütlein [Jesuit's hat] (1580). Among his many works his versification of Till EulenspiegelEulenspiegel, Till
[Ger.,=owl-mirror, hence English Owlglass], a north German peasant clown of the 14th cent. who was immortalized in chapbooks describing his practical jokes on clerics and townsfolk. The first Till chapbook (c.
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 stories and his narrative poem Das Glückhafft Schiff von Zürich [the lucky boat of Zürich] (1576) are noteworthy. Fischart's writings are largely political and anti-Catholic polemics, witty and original.

Fischart, Johann

 

Born 1546 or 1547 in Strasbourg; died 1590 in Forbach, Lotharingia. German satirist, publicist, and moralist.

Fischart, a Protestant, denounced the Catholic Church and the Jesuits and depicted the vices and virtues of the burghers. In his didactic work A Philosophical Booklet on Education for Marriage (1578) he advocated a strong family and sensible upbringing of children. In Geschichtsklitterung (1575), a free adaptation of the first book of F. Rabelais’s novel Gargantua and Pantagruel, Fischart demonstrated a verbal inventiveness, versatile erudition, and vividness of description of everyday life.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
In Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Epokha Vozrozhdeniia, vol. 2. Compiled by B. I. Purishev. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.
Spengler, W. E. Johann Fischart. Göppingen, 1969.
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