Fishing Gear


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Fishing Gear

 

devices and equipment for catching fish in seas, rivers, and other bodies of water. The earliest types of fishing gear included fishing rods and spears and harpoons with tips made of stone, bone, or animal teeth. Of major importance in the development of fishing was the introduction of nets made from such fibrous materials as grass, bast, and hemp. Modern fishnets—the basis of commercial fishing—are manufactured chiefly from synthetic materials. Fishing gear includes the following types: nets (gill nets, trap nets and filters), hook-type fishing gear, and suction apparatus (fish pumps).

The development of fishing gear has been based on a knowledge of the behavior of fish under natural conditions and under conditions created by artificial stimuli (sound, chemicals). The choice of fishing gear depends on fishing conditions. For example, dense accumulations of fish are caught with trawls and purse seines; in areas with an insufficient concentration of fish it is advisable to use special gear that attracts groups of fish (for example, gear equipped with a light source or electric current).

There are indicators to compare the efficiency of particular fishing gear over other gear of the same type. Thus, the absolute

Table 1. Catch of the fishing industry of the USSR1
 193019401950196019701974
1Catch includes fish, marine invertebrates, whales and other marine mammals, and seaweed
Total (million quintals).............................12.814.017.535.478.396.2
in open seas (million quintals) ......................3.85.79.427.367.084.2
percent of total ..............................29.740.753.777.185.687.5
in inland waters (million quintals) ....................9.08.38.18.111.312.0
percent of total ..............................70.359.346.322.914.412.5

efficiency of fishing gear is designated by the ratio of the quantity of fish caught with the gear in one working cycle to the total quantity of fish that was in the zone of operation. The expense of the fishing gear constitutes about 20 percent of the cost of the catch.

REFERENCES

Fridman, A. L. Teoriia i proektirovanie orudii promyshlennogo rybolovstva. Moscow, 1969.
Voinikanis-Mirskii, V. N. Tekhnologiia postroiki orudii promyshlennogo rybolovstva. Moscow, 1971.
Lukashov, V. N. Ustroistvo i ekspluatatsiia orudii promyshlennogo rybolovstva. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
WHAT: Press briefing to announce worldwide fishing gear competition WHO: -- Gus Rassam, CEO, Fisheries Conservation Foundation -- Wally Pereyra, chairman of the board, National Fisheries Institute -- Tom Grasso, director, marine conservation policy, World Wildlife Fund WHEN: 11 a.
Owners of boats using deep-sea bottom trawls or bottom-set gillnets should be eligible for European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) financial assistance to help them change fishing gear modify boats where necessary, and acquire the necessary know-how and training to use this new gear, provided that it has a lower and limited impact on the marine environment and vulnerable marine ecosystems.
Project Principal Activities: (i) Destruction of 30 nets of monofilament, (ii) Delivery of 30 legal nets, (iii) Session information and clarification on rules of traditional fishing and PNLC in Rio Grande de Buba, (iv) Training for the fishery monitoring in Rio Grande de Buba, (v) Participation of fishermen in fisheries surveillance missions in the Rio Grande de Buba, (vi)Radio debate on the regulation of fishing, fishing gear, the situation of fish stocks in the Rio Grande de Buba, (vii) Use of the reimbursement of payment of legal nets to acquire more nets to others fishermen, (viii) Developing a poster with the existing fish species in the Rio Grande de Buba and his status(ix) Developing a poster about the rules of fishing
Better infrastructure, including access to port reception facilities where the fishing community can dispose of end of life fishing gear, is important to prevent further fishing gear from ending up in our oceans.
Commercial and recreational fishermen caught using illegal and banned fishing gear and methods will be prosecuted, the EAD warned.
Meanwhile, as many as 111 cantrang vessels have not undertaken the replacement of fishing gear and otherwise can not be processed to go back to sea.
com/endangered-sea-turtles-bones-reveal-surprises-scientists-guide-conservation-efforts-2647440) impact of fishing on loggerhead turtles, including adjusting the type of fishing gear and locations used to reduce the number of sea turtles getting caught up.
The mission in the Natura 2000 protected area was part of a series of actions to reduce the impact of abandoned fishing gear on marine turtles.
Only a few days before, Patrick Willoughby, the president of the Madison River Liars and Fly Tiers Club, had been approached by a man selling fishing gear that he claimed once belonged to Ernest Hemingway.
Anyone with information, or anyone who may have been offered the fishing gear for sale or seen it on any internet auction site, is asked to contact PC Sharon Atkin at Cleveland Police via the 101 number.
Having brought the arrested 17 fishermen, fishing trawler and their fishing gear to the naval base, Kankesanthurai, are to be handed over to the Jaffna Assistant Director of Fisheries for onward legal action.
Choosing fishing technology ahead of a fishing gear in waters heavily dependent on natural factors, such as: 1) type and abundance of fish.