Fitzgerald, Lord Edward

Fitzgerald, Lord Edward

Fitzgerald, Lord Edward, 1763–98, Irish revolutionary; son of James Fitzgerald, 20th earl of Kildare and 1st duke of Leinster (see Kildare, James Fitzgerald, 20th earl of). After an early career in the army and the Irish House of Commons, Lord Edward, attracted by the French Revolution, went (1792) to Paris and was expelled from the British army for his avowed republicanism. Returning home, he joined the United Irishmen, whom he pledged to assist as commander in chief of their rebel army. In 1796 he went to Basel to negotiate French aid for the planned Irish uprising. On the eve of the rebellion of 1798 he was betrayed by an informer and arrested; he died of wounds sustained at his arrest.


See biography by T. Moore (1831); S. Tillyard, Citizen Lord (1998).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fitzgerald, Lord Edward


Born Oct. 15, 1763, in Carton House, County Kildare; died June 4, 1798, in Newgate jail. Irish bourgeois revolutionary.

In 1783, Fitzgerald was elected a member of the Irish Parliament. In the 1790’s he was one of the leaders of the United Irishmen. He advocated the liberation of Ireland from English domination, as well as the democratic transformation of the country. Fitzgerald was among the leaders who prepared for the armed rebellion of 1798. On May 19, not long after the start of the rebel lion, Fitzgerald was arrested; in the course of his arrest he was mortally wounded.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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