Fitzpatrick, Sir Charles

Fitzpatrick, Sir Charles,

1853–1942, Canadian jurist, b. Quebec. He won renown as defense counsel for Louis RielRiel, Louis
, 1844–85, Canadian insurgent, leader of two rebellions, b. Manitoba, of French and Métis parentage. In 1869–70 he led the rebels of the Red River settlements, mainly Métis (people of mixed European–indigenous descent) and indigenous
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. In Wilfrid LaurierLaurier, Sir Wilfrid
, 1841–1919, Canadian prime minister. He studied law at McGill Univ. His premiership of Canada (1896–1911), the first to be held by a French Canadian, was the longest continuous term in the history of the dominion.
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's government he became solicitor general (1896) and minister of justice (1902), resigning to accept appointment as chief justice of the Supreme Court of Canada in 1906. After his retirement from the bench in 1918, he was lieutenant governor of Quebec prov. until his retirement in 1923. He was knighted in 1907.