cinquefoil

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cinquefoil

(sĭngk`foil) [O.Fr.,=five leaves], name for any plant of the widely distributed genus Potentilla of the family Rosaceae (roserose,
common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.
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 family), chiefly herbs of north temperate and subarctic regions. Most cinquefoils are perennial; many but not all of them have leaves of five leaflets, for which they are also called five-finger. The flowers are most often yellow. Most North American species are native to cooler regions of the W United States. The shrubby cinquefoil (P. fruticosa) and the silverweed (P. anserina) are common wildflowers in the West and the Northeast; they are thought to be naturalized from the Old World. These and other species are sometimes cultivated in rock gardens. Silverweed is one of the species reputed to have medicinal powers, hence the Latin name of the genus [potens=powerful]. Cinquefoil is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

cinquefoil

A five-lobed pattern divided by cusps.
See also: Foils
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
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cinquefoil

cinquefoil

Sharply toothed leaves, flowers have 5 yellow petals. (sometimes white, pink or red) Young shoots and leaves good in salads. Very astringent (constricts, shrinks membranes)- used in many anti-wrinkle skin products. Antiseptic, used for gum disease, dysentery, diarrhea, mouthwash. Good for skin. Leaves used to make lotion (or just rub strong tea on rashes etc) Powdered root stops bleeding. Has fruit that looks like strawberry but is dry and tasteless.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

cinquefoil

cinquefoil
A five-lobed pattern divided by cusps; also see foil.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cinquefoil

traditional representation of hope. [Flower Symbol-ism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
See: Hope

cinquefoil

indicates gladness. [Flower Symbolism and Heraldry: Jobes, 341]
See: Joy

cinquefoil

symbol of motherly love. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 341]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cinquefoil

1. any plant of the N temperate rosaceous genus Potentilla, typically having five-lobed compound leaves
2. an ornamental carving in the form of five arcs arranged in a circle and separated by cusps
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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