Flaminius, Caius

Flaminius, Caius

(kā`əs fləmĭn`ēəs, kī`əs), d. 217 B.C., Roman statesman and general. In his tribuneship (232) he sponsored an agrarian law for the benefit of the plebeians and, as praetor (227), governed Sicily successfully. While consul (223) he campaigned against the Insubres and although chosen master of the horse (221) was barred from office by the occurrence of a bad omen. As censor (220) he constructed the Circus Flaminius and the Flaminian Way. In 218 he was the only senator to support the tribune Claudius in prohibiting senators and senators' sons from possession of seagoing vessels except for the transportation of the produce of their own estates. As consul again (217) he was a leader against HannibalHannibal
, b. 247 B.C., d. 183 or 182 B.C. Carthaginian general, an implacable and formidable enemy of Rome. Although knowledge of him is based primarily on the reports of his enemies, Hannibal appears to have been both just and merciful. He is renowned for his tactical genius.
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 in the invasion of Italy, and he was killed in battle at Trasimene. See Punic WarsPunic Wars,
three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean.
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