Flanders, French

Flanders, French

Flanders, French, region of N France, on the North Sea and along the Belgian border. It is coextensive with Nord dept. The area is studded with important industrial cities and historic towns and was once a rich coal-mining region. It was incorporated into France in 1678 by Louis XIV and was a province until the French Revolution. Lille was the provincial capital, Douai the seat of the parlement. The area has been a battleground in several major European conflicts.
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Speaking linguistically, Goethals (1993) has stated that "the presence of Dutch in Wallonia and Brussels has grown, in an increasingly friendly or at least more accepting atmosphere and in Flanders, French is much less felt to be a threat to Flemish culture" (p.
In Flanders, French is introduced to neerlandophones (Dutch speakers) in the last two years of primary school (ages 10-12) with approximately two hours of instruction per week.