flash distillation

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flash distillation

[¦flash ‚dis·tə′lā·shən]
(chemical engineering)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This phenomenon is called the flash evaporation [1].
An energy-intensive multi-stage flash evaporation process is used for the majority of seawater desalination.
Near the spinneret, the filament contains a high amount of free solvent, and flash evaporation takes place at the high temperature of the air flow in the spinning column.
Additionally, the design takes advantage of system pressure and temperature differentials to induce flash evaporation and condensation of the refrigerant to transfer heat, thus simultaneously and instantaneously heating and cooling beds.
These include flash evaporation [4], thermal evaporation [5], electro-deposition [6] and solution growing [7].
They rely on 'Flash evaporation' of 5-micron mist which are generated by a high pressure pump (70 Bar or 1,000 PSI), Misting fans, Accessories and Brass Fittings (for turning hot air into cool air, circulated by fans to cover the target area).
Therefore, for miniaturizing the device and improving thermoelectric properties, some techniques have been reported to grow thin films, such as flash evaporation [6], pulsed laser deposition (PLD) [7, 8], sputtering [9], electrochemical deposition [10], metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) [11, 12], and molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) [13-15].
Developed by European fruit processor Aurore and adapted to winemaking by French research powerhouse INRA in 1993, the process combines thermovinification with flash evaporation. Grape must is heated to 160[degrees]-180[degrees]F and pumped into a vacuum chamber that explodes the skins (detente means release), drawing off vapor and fully extracting skin color, tannin and flavor while the evaporation cools the must back to ambient temperature.
As Haritonides explained, evaporative cooling or flash evaporation was a natural way to cool the air and had been used for many years.
The Saline Water Conversion Corporation (SWCC) focused on desalination technology, flash evaporation and reverse osmosis methods, as well as potable water treatment and characteristics and its role in environment protection.
Moreover, this compound has been mainly investigated in a bulk state and only a few papers describe the preparation of and characterize the thin films fabricated by flash evaporation and laser ablation techniques [1,3,5].