flat panel display

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flat panel display

A thin display screen for a computer, tablet, smartphone or TV. LCD is the primary screen technology for computer and mobile devices with OLED increasingly employed in smartphones. LCD and OLED compete for TVs. Plasma TVs are no longer made. See LCD, OLED, plasma display and flat panel TV.

The first LCD panels appeared on laptops in the mid-1980s. In that same time frame, LCD computer monitors became available and in 2003 exceeded sales of CRTs for the first time.

Digital Computer to Digital Display
Although flat panel computer monitors accept digital inputs, they may also include an analog VGA input to accommodate old PCs. Going digital all the way creates a sharper image (see flat panel connections).

Know Your Resolution
Flat panel monitors have a precise matrix of rows and columns ("native resolution"). Most monitors have at least 1,080 lines (rows) of resolution to accommodate HD video, but business users and graphics designers often take advantage of 1,440, 1,600, 2,560 and more lines of resolution on premium displays. See 4K monitor and 5K monitor.

The Switchover
This early flat panel LCD monitor took less space, energy, glare and radiation than its CRT counterpart. (Image courtesy of EIZO Nanao Technologies Inc.)

Revolutionary in 1999
The SGI 1600SW was the first wide-screen, high-resolution panel for business users. At 1600x1024 pixels, two documents or Web pages could appear side-by-side on a single screen.

Bigger and Bigger
By 2004, this 42" LCD panel from LG was considered huge. Three years later at CES in Las Vegas, Sharp proudly displayed a 108" TV.

Beware the Glare
Laptops were first noted for their lack of glare compared to desktop CRTs. By 2003, laptop LCDs emerged with an overlay to enhance colors, and it caused reflection as in this photo. Today, glare runs from a lot to a little.
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References in periodicals archive ?
While there is a healthy amount of information published about the lead, mercury, and other heavy metals in cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors and televisions, nothing really has been discussed about the hazards associated with flat panel display units.
Innovative Solutions & Support Inc (NASDAQ:ISSC) has been awarded a contract by American Airlines to supply IS&S Cockpit/IP Flat Panel Display Systems for nearly 200 Boeing 757/767 aircraft.
Content is instantly viewed on flat panel displays and televisions, providing employees with corporate news, streaming video, LiveTV and crisis communication.
(Nasdaq:CYMI) and Carl Zeiss SMT AG, has unveiled the TCZ 900X -- an innovative production tool for fabricating flat panel displays (FPD).
The P620 also provides an LVDS bus with backlight control connectors to support flat panel displays, and a 4X AGP bus to support high-end AGP graphics devices via a PMC site.
Macintosh developer Apple Computer Corp has revealed its latest family of widescreen flat panel displays for Power Macs, PowerBooks and PCs.
Given growing demand for flat panel displays, earnings in this segment are likely to increase over the next couple of years, it said.
It rolled into CES with a gadget-festooned Hummer H2, equipped with large flat panel displays embedded in the headrests that double as removable tablet PCs.
Flat panel displays are increasingly more complex and require focused financial resources to have the broad range of products in stock that are needed for OEMs to go from prototypes through mass production.
Universal is working on the technology to build organic flat panel displays that are lightweight, portable, even rollable.
The large-screen flat panel displays featured in many newer television sets compete with traditional televisions that use cathode ray tubes (CRTs), objects that make up an important end market for lead.