flat panel display

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flat panel display

A thin display screen for a computer, tablet, smartphone or TV. The LCD technology is the standard, and the first LCD panels appeared on laptops in the mid-1980s. LCD monitors for desktop computers became available in the mid-1990s and exceeded sales of CRTs by 2003. For TV viewing, LCD/LED and OLED are the competing technologies (OLED is the latest). Plasma TVs are no longer made. See LCD, OLED, plasma display and flat panel TV.

Digital Computer to Digital Display
Although flat panel computer monitors accept digital inputs, entry-level PCs may still have older analog VGA outputs. Going digital all the way creates a sharper image (see flat panel connections).

Know Your "Native" Resolution
Flat panel monitors have a precise matrix of rows and columns ("native resolution"). Most monitors have at least 1,080 lines (rows) of resolution to accommodate HD video, but business users and graphics designers often take advantage of 1,440, 1,600, 2,560 and more lines of resolution on premium, large-screen displays. See 4K monitor and 5K monitor.

The Switchover
Although thick by today's standards, this flat panel LCD monitor took less space, energy, glare and emitted radiation than the same-size CRT. (Image courtesy of EIZO Nanao Technologies Inc.)

Revolutionary in 1999
The SGI 1600SW was the first wide-screen, high-resolution panel for business users. At 1600x1024 pixels, two documents or Web pages could appear side-by-side on a single screen.

Bigger and Bigger
By 2004, this 42" LCD panel from LG was considered huge. Three years later at CES in Las Vegas, Sharp proudly displayed a 108" TV.

Be Aware of Glare
Laptops were first noted for their lack of glare compared to desktop CRTs. By 2003, laptop LCDs emerged with an overlay to enhance colors, and it caused reflection as in this photo. Today, glare runs from a lot to a little.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the flat-panel TV market, Matsushita is facing growing competition from Japanese rival Sharp Corp.
2 flat-panel TV retailer, accounting in the first quarter 22.3% of all U.S.
In a multichannel move, Target places signs throughout the section directing shoppers to its Web site for more flat-panel sets.
Hitachi and Matsushita are considering using the sixth-generation technology for manufacturing multiple 30-inch LCD panels for flat-panel TVs from a single glass substrate to cut costs, possibly from 2006, it said.
CRT sales are on the down slope, however, as CEA projected 15.1 million units for 2005, yet will still beat out the projected 5.3 million plasma and flat-panel units this year.
Securing a stable source of large LCD panels has been one of the priorities of Matsushita's flat-panel TV business, the Nihon Keizai said.
Shipments of CRT TVs still surpassed those of flat-panel TVs in volume, by 7.16 million units to 1.47 million, it said.
HTIB color schemes are more deliberate in terms of mimicking flat-panel TV design.
Matsushita Electric, best known for its Panasonic brand products, said its flat-panel TVs will be launched under the name ''Viera'' and that the conventional name ''T'' used for TVs will be limited to cathode-ray tube TVs.
Tweeter, founded more than 30 years ago as an audio retailer, is now pushing its home audio sales with flat-panel TVs.