They undoubtedly belonged to the forum that was totally demolished under the Flavians in order to construct a very different monument.
At the time of the Flavians, the earlier forum was demolished to make way for another construction (Fig.
The design established the very conditions which Pliny the Elder, writing under the Flavians, identifies as necessary for appreciating--and, significantly, remembering--works of art: leisure and quietude.
It was not enough, however, simply to display these spoils if the Flavians expected them to possess a shared significance for the people of Rome, one which would convert victory into lasting political power.
The particular formulation whereby the victorious Flavians
surround the Vitellian column taunting them and aiming blows at them seems highly evocative of the Livian antecedent.(34) The crucial question is how far one is entitled to see a specific Livian intertext in this instance and how far the surrender scene is a non-specific topos, drawn from a pastiche of such occasions in ancient historiography.(35) The answer may of course lie somewhere between these two extremes, and each reader is likely to come to his or her own conclusion: either we have two intertextual references at Histories 4.62 and 3.31 or we have one intertextual reference and a topos.
5.27-38) modern scholars have seen Dio as a confidant of the Flavian
dynasty:(1) amicus to Vespasian, possibly a special envoy of Vespasian to the Grek east,(2) amicus to Titus, and friend and adviser to a minor member of the house T.
The Julio-Claudian legacy had to be handled with care by the Flavians
. Augustus, of course, remained a model of fundamental importance for imperial style.
(27) An attempt to construct a prosopographical link between Dio and the Flavians
by way of Dio's possible teacher Musonius would be very suspect (cf.
(9) Later in the Vespasian Suetonius records the emperor's open scorn for the unknown flatterers who attempted to provide the Flavians
with a mythical ancestor who founded Reate and accompanied Hercules; he signals that Vespasian did not conceal his humble origins, but rather paraded them (Vesp.
Under the Flavians
there was likely to be no shortage of the latter, whether partisans from the civil war period or not.
may have assailed the Flavians
on the basis of their dubious ancestry.
With the choice of the verb instituet Valerius implies that Vespasian's son will at one and the same time establish a cult and temple specifically in honour of Vespasian and in these acts set a precedent for future successors to the Flavian