Flavio Biondo


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Biondo, Flavio

 

Born 1392 in Forlì; died June 4, 1463, in Rome. Italian humanist and historian.

Biondo was the first to distinguish the Middle Ages as a particular period of history. In his main work, Three Decades of History After the Fall of the Roman Empire, Biondo begins with Alaric’s conquest of Rome and ends with the year 1440, characterizing this period as a special epoch, different from antiquity and from the Renaissance. In Three Decades …, Biondo presents the history of medieval Europe in chronological order. He was one of the first who sought to establish criteria for the credibility of historical sources, and he criticized earlier medieval historiography from the standpoint of humanism. He is the author of the first work on the historical geography of Italy, Italy Illustrated.

WORKS

Roma instaurata et Italia illustrata. Venice, 1542.
Le decadi (Historiarum ab inclinatione Romanorum decades). Forlì, 1964.

REFERENCE

Vainshtein, O. L. Zapadno-evropeiskaia srednevekovaia istoriografiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964. Pages 261-64.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In effetti privilegiare alcuni saggi fra i tanti che coprono argomenti disparatissimi--da Guittone agli autori catalani di poetriae, da Flavio Biondo a Guicciardini, dalle questioni della lingua all'ecdotica e ai problemi dell'insegnamento attuale della lingua italiana--e ingiusto perche la loro qualita li pone tutti ad un livello altissimo.
The Amalfian, Flavio Biondo, perfected the compass which was of critical importance to navigation.
(5) To the pope's own words can be added those verbal celebrations, in both prose and poetry, offered by his humanist retainers, Giannantonio Campano (June 1462, 1468?, before 1474), Flavio Biondo (September 1462), Porcellio Pandoni (1464?), and Lodrisio Crivelli (February 1464), as well as the miscellaneous writings of papal associates such as the Cardinals Giacomo Ammannati and Francesco Gonzaga, whose own staff also left helpful correspondence.
Domenico Defilippis parla del De Neapolitana profectione, racconto di viaggio redatto nel 1473, da Ludovico Carbone, letterato della corte estense, in cui i ricordi del viaggio reale non disdegnano il ricorso a una fonte copiosa: l'Italia Illustrata di Flavio Biondo. Carbone menziona Siena, Viterbo, Sutri, il Lago di Bolsena; manca, tuttavia, l'esplicito riferimento alla Francigena, arteria del pellegrinaggio internazionale.
One merit of the French volume is a useful compendium of references to classical monuments drawn from Petrarch, Flavio Biondo, Poggio Bracciolini, and Giovanni Tortelli.) Some of the matter is recycled: this is in fact the third incarnation of Boriaud and Furlan's critical edition--including the introductions, text, and apparatus--which initially appeared in Albertiana 6 (2003): 125-215, then again with corrections in a book published by Olschki in 2005.
Meserve discusses works of both well-known humanists--including Aeneas Silvius Piccolomini, Poggio Bracciolini, Flavio Biondo, and Francesco Filelfo--and less familiar figures (Andrea Biglia, for example), and she details manuscript and printed sources that her audience might have difficulty accessing on their own.
The cross-connections between the Amores and Celtis's plans for a Germania illustrata, a literary-historio-geographical project intended to be a German counterpart of Flavio Biondo's Italia illustrata (published in 1471), are elucidated in considerable detail in Chapter 6.
Flavio Biondo (1392-1463) in turn maintained that classical Latin had been a single language, if one that embraced a range of styles from colloquialism to lofty eloquence.
His views were contested first of all by Flavio Biondo, who believed that Latin had been used by all classes, although with varieties of tone, and that the modern vernacular sprang from the corrupting effect which the barbarian invasions had upon Latin.
Con il sorgere della storiografia, nell'ambito di un interesse generale per gli scritti originali dei Romani e dei Greci, si svolse una famosa discussione tra Flavio Biondo (1392-1463) e Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444) sulla situazione linguistica nell'antichitAaAaAeA romana.
With Cyriacus, Leon Battista Alberti, and especially Flavio Biondo, Poggio and Niccoli were seminal forces in the early transformation of the study of ancient Egypt.