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(yo͞otrō`pēəs), fl. 4th cent. A.D., Roman historian, a protégé of the emperors Julian and Valens. His Breviarium ab urbe condita (10 books) is a summary of Roman history.


d. 399, consul of East Roman Emperor ArcadiusArcadius
, c.377–408, Roman emperor of the East (395–408), son and successor of Theodosius I. His brother, Honorius, inherited (395) the West. Henceforth the division between the Eastern and Western empires became permanent.
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. A eunuch of the palace, he brought about the marriage (395) of Arcadius and EudoxiaEudoxia
, d. 404, Roman empress of the East (395–404), daughter of a Frankish general and wife of Arcadius. She had a great influence upon her weak husband. She helped bring about the downfall of Eutropius, to whose intrigues she owed her marriage, and the exile of St.
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 and succeeded RufinusRufinus
, d. 395, Roman statesman, minister of Theodosius I and Arcadius. After Theodosius' death (395) he virtually ruled the Eastern Empire for Arcadius, but his attempt to marry his daughter to the young emperor was thwarted by Eutropius (d. 399).
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 as chief minister. He repelled (398) an invasion of Huns and was the first eunuch to be appointed (399) consul. He was hated for his cruelty and avarice; his fall, however, was caused by the enmity of Gaïnas, the leader of the Gothic mercenaries, and Eudoxia. Although at first his life was spared through the influence of St. John Chrysostom, he was later executed.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Year of birth unknown; died circa 370. Roman historian.

Circa 367, at the behest of the emperor Valens, Eutropius wrote a concise ten-volume history of Rome, from its founding to the beginning of the reign of Valentinian I in 364. Eutropius’ work was long used as a textbook. It is of primary value in studying the period of the third and fourth centuries, which is scantily covered in other sources.


In Russian translation:
Sokrashchenie rimskoi istorii do vremen kesarei Valenta i Valentiniana. [Moscow] 1779. (Translated from Latin.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.