This behavior is called the flehmen
response, and it occurs often during the pre-rut and rut.
One goat from Group I and two goats from Group II showed an absence of courtship behavior, absence of the Flehmen
reflex, decrease or loss of libido and inability to perform mating.
In horses, an upper lip curl can be due to both flehmen
(Stahlbaum and Houpt, 1989) and abdominal pain (Pritchett et al., 2003), and in nonhuman primates yawning indicates both threat and displacement behavior (Andrew, 1963; Vick and Paukner, 2010).
Moreover, the vascularity of propriasubmucosa plays important role through the outflow and inflow of blood stream during breeding of the animals aiding in flehmen
response (Abass et al., 2012).
Using a behavior called flehmen
, or lip curl, some of the urine is introduced into a specialized organ on the roof of the mouth called the vomeronasal organ, where it is analyzed.
mounting and intention of mounting) and courtship (Eerdenburg et al., 1996; Maquivar et al., 2006), including head bumping, flehmen
, sniffing, following, licking and assisted head resting (Galina et al., 1982; Orihuela et al., 1988).
A behavior that is frequently associated with mating in ruminants and horses is the flehmen
response (Figure 13-6).
(fleh-mehn) The upward curling of the lip of a male of a species in response to scents detected from the female.
This is called the flehmen
reaction and is in response to the scent of a female's urine.
Occurrence of flehmen
in male buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) with special reference to estrus.
Tras los olfateos puede manifestar el reflejo Flehmen
o levantamiento del labio superior.