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a people related to the Dutch. Most Flemings live in Belgium, where they number approximately 5.7 million (1975, estimate). Approximately 300,000 live in France, in regions bordering on Belgium. Some Flemings live in the Netherlands, but they have essentially formed a single nationality with the Dutch. The language of the Flemings is Flemish; most believers are Catholic.

The Flemings are descendants of Frankish tribes of western Germany who had mixed with Frisians and Saxons. After the Netherlands bourgeois revolution in the 16th century, most Flemings remained under Spanish rule and in 1830 joined with the Walloons to create the independent state of Belgium. The rest became part of the population of the Netherlands that split from Spain. During the 1960’s, tensions between the Flemings and Walloons, existing from the mid-19th century, increased; areas of contention included the question of a national language and the issue of whether to adopt a federal form of government.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965.
References in periodicals archive ?
His oratorios and cantatas are of great value and his higher goal was to raise the quality of Belgian music by composing great music for the Flemish people.
They also compared their genes to the DNA of 26 Flemish people from Belgium.
This advancing Flemish emancipation caused a decline in the need for heroic stories about the Flemish people and their past (see Beyen).
However, after the opening of the borders with the rest of Europe, the Lithuanians noticed that identical clogs are the national footwear of the Dutch and Flemish people, and maybe that is why production of klumpes is now less popular.
Rebuilt between 1934 and 1958, it captures the indomitable will of the Flemish people who underwent four years of hellish conditions and who came through to rebuild their land.
A further result of this structure is that at the national level, bad compromises are negotiated that require the Flemish people to make "[e]xorbitant and inefficient" financial transfers (10) amounting to over ten billion euros per year (about 1,734 euros for each Flemish person) to Wallonia and Brussels.
The man behind the venture was Freddy Van Gaever who wanted to start a national airline for the Flemish people but also saw a massive future for European short-haul commuter services.
The third in a trilogy about the lives of working-class Flemish people by the Victoria and Ballets C.
Flemish people do not speak "Flemish" but "Dutch"; "Flemish" is now a geographical term and refers to Flanders, not to the language spoken there.
The Flemish people believe in the integrity of their own culture, and they want to preserve its character," he said.
A writer of stature throughout Europe, he did more than any other writer to engender a spirit of pride in the Flemish people and language.