necrotizing fasciitis

(redirected from Flesh-eating disease)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

necrotizing fasciitis,

a quickly progressing infection of the skin that spreads along the fascia, the tissue that covers the muscles. (Necrotizing infections that spread along the outer skin layers are known as necrotizing cellulitis.) Necrotizing fasciitis is most commonly caused by toxins released by a strain of Group A streptococcal bacteria (S. pyrogenes; see streptococcusstreptococcus
, any of a group of gram-positive bacteria, genus Streptococcus, some of which cause disease. Streptococci are spherical and divide by fission, but they remain attached and so grow in beadlike chains.
..... Click the link for more information.
), but it also may be caused by Staphylococcus aureus (see staphylococcusstaphylococcus
, any of the pathogenic bacteria, parasitic to humans, that belong to the genus Staphylococcus. The spherical bacterial cells (cocci) typically occur in irregular clusters [Gr. staphyle=bunch of grapes].
..... Click the link for more information.
); other bacteria may also be present.

Popularly known as "flesh-eating disease," the infection typically begins as a warm, very painful red swelling, sometimes at the site of a minor injury. Patients usually have a high fever and may feel ill, dizzy, and confused; the infection spreads rapidly, and tissue in older infected areas turns purplish or black as it dies. Necrotizing fasciitis is treated with surgery (to remove infected tissue) and intravenous antibiotics (high-dose penicillin and clindamycin). If not treated promptly, the toxins produced by the bacteria can cause septic shock and lead to death within 24 hours; roughly 30% of infected patients die.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Great more to worry about EXCLUSIVE -- Syrian Refugees Bringing Flesh-Eating Disease into U.S.?
Orlando, FL, August 09, 2015 --( A new book, "Surviving the Flesh-Eating Bacteria: Understanding, Treating, Preventing and Living with the Aftermath of Necrotizing Fasciitis" by the executive directors of the National Necrotizing Fasciitis Foundation ( demystifies the disease known as flesh-eating disease. It further offers great hope for the future with a breakthrough treatment by John R.
to offer NeutroPhase and relevant medical guidance at no charge to patients who suffer from flesh-eating disease in the region in order to enable doctors to save life of patients as quick as possible and to curb the deterioration of the situation to avoid the need for amputation.
ACefather has been saved by doctors after he developed an extremely rare flesh-eating disease that nearly killed him.
Janet Hardman died from flesh-eating disease necrotising fasciitis just days after a minor operation at Arrowe Park hospital.
Andrea was then transferred to hospital in Durham, where she was diagnosed with the flesh-eating disease necrotising fasciitis, caused by the insect bite.
NeutroPhase reportedly offers new options for managing both the chronic wounds of diabetes patients and for deadly flesh-eating disease (necrotizing fasciitis).
MANILA -- After the brouhaha that a late-night news program caused in its flesh-eating disease story, its television network officially apologized Thursday evening.
On the invasive end of the spectrum, GAS can cause life-threatening infections such as bacteremia, necrotising fasciitis (commonly known as flesh-eating disease), and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome.
The term "flesh-eating disease" is sometimes used to describe one of the obvious effects of diseases like mucormycosis, but this illness can also seriously affect many other body systems--including the pulmonary, sinus, rhinocerebral, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, and other body systems.
A boy, 12, was cured miraculously of flesh-eating disease after all was lost and the family was advised to pray to Kateri for intervention.