Fleurus


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Fleurus

(flörüs`), town (1991 pop. 22,507), Hainaut prov., S Belgium. It is a coal-mining and manufacturing center; domestic appliances, furniture, and machinery are produced. At Fleurus, Mansfield and Christian of Brunswick defeated (1622) the Spanish in the Thirty Years War, the French under Marshal Luxembourg defeated (1690) the Dutch and their allies in the War of the Grand Alliance, and the French under Jourdan defeated the Austrians in a decisive battle (1794) of the French Revolutionary Wars.

Fleurus

 

a village in Belgium, in Hainaut Province, near which several major battles were fought. During the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48), the Spanish Army of General Cordova was defeated on Aug. 29, 1622, by German troops under Duke Christian of Brunswick and Count von Mansfeld. On July 1, 1690, the French Army of Marshal F. Luxembourg defeated coalition forces, which included Spanish and Austrian troops, commanded by the Prince of Waldeck. On June 26, 1794, the French revolutionary troops of General J. Jourdan, comprising 75,000 men, defeated at Fleurus the 52,000 Austrian troops of Duke Friedrich Josias, prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. The French, making skillful use of the terrain, employed a deeply echeloned battle formation and, by means of counterattacks, repulsed the Austrians, who advanced in linear battle formations. The Austrians were forced out of Belgium. During the battle, aerial surveillance was used for the first time when the French sent a man up in a balloon to observe the enemy.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is not known whether Modersohn-Becker knew Stein: although since 1905 she had lived in the rue Madame, around the corner from Stein's apartment in the rue de Fleurus, she does not mention her in her journals.
'"In the Temps de Gertrude': Hemingway, Stein, and the Scene of Instruction at 27, rue de Fleurus." In French Connections: Hemingway and Fitzgerald Abroad.
In the first chapter, for example, Cornulier provides a provocative reading of Rimbaud's sonnet, "Morts de Quatre-vingt douze et de Quatre vingt treize," that suggests a particularly Subversive placement of the caesura in the line "Morts de Valmy, Morts de / Fleurus, Morts d'Italie," By counting it as a 6-6 rather than the long-assumed 4-4-4, Cornulier ascribes to Rimbaud the rare Alexandrine in which the caesura falls not only on a monosyllabic preposition (de) but on a particularly unstable one at that.
Contents (in chronological order): "Susie Asado," "The Tiger!" "Preciosilla," "Le berceau de Gertrude Stein ou Le mystere de la rue de Fleurus," "Portrait of F.B.
Henri-Rocquet, Claude (1993), Brueghel, la ferveur des hivers, Paris: Fleurus, (Mame), Collection Un certain regard.
Toklas at their salon on rue de Fleurus inspired my travels to the City of Light, first in 1969, then on and off through the 1970s and 1980s.
Rarely a writer, never a painter, and only an amateur musician, Vladimir Nabokov's younger brother witnessed rather than participated in history: he smoked opium with Cocteau; paid homage to the arts at 27 rue de Fleurus, where Stein and Toklas held court; and celebrated the premier of Les Noces on a barge with Picasso, Serge Lifar, and Igor Stravinsky.
Leo and Gertrude found an apartment at 27 rue de Fleurus and Michael and Sarah lived nearby at 58 rue Madame.
From the garden, Hemingway could easily go to see Stein at 27 rue de Fleurus, exiting west at the Porte Fleurus, passing, appropriately enough, two old bookstores facing each other at the head of the street.
The two Americans met in Paris at 27 rue de Fleurus, where Stein and her life partner Alice B.
His first proper battle experience was at Fleurus in present-day Belgium on July 1st, 1690, where he served as a major in the Swedish auxiliary forces.