William Matthew Flinders Petrie

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Petrie, William Matthew Flinders

 

Born June 3, 1853, in Charlton; died July 28, 1942, in Jerusalem. English Egyptologist and archaeologist. Professor at the University of London from 1892 to 1933.

Petrie pioneered the scientific method of archaeological excavation in Egypt. In 1885-86 he discovered and excavated Nau-cratis and Daphnae. Between 1888 and 1890 he discovered numerous remains in the Faiyum Oasis. In succeeding years he conducted excavations in Tell el-Amarna, Abydos (the tombs of the most ancient Pharaohs), and Neqada (Aeneolithic complexes), which is near Memphis. Especially important among Petrie’s works is his atlas of tools of all periods and peoples.

WORKS

A History of Egypt, vols. 1-3. London, 1894-1905.
Prehistoric Egypt. London, 1920.
Social Life in Ancient Egypt. London, 1924.
Ancient Gaza, vols. 1-4. London, 1931-34.
Tools and Weapons Illustrated by the Egyptian Collection in University College. London, 1917.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Three of this chapter's leading actors reappear throughout the volume: Maspero, Flinders Petrie, and Britain's Egypt Exploration Fund (EEF).
Narmer was thought to have attempted unification at the end of one period and Menes to have succeeded him, beginning the next era in Egyptian history." Meanwhile, the great Egyptologist Flinders Petrie claimed Narmer and Menes were two names designating one man: Narmer was his name and Menes an honorific.
They were found by Egyptian workmen directed by early 20th century Egyptologists, Flinders Petrie and Ernest Mackay.
These artefacts were originally discovered during excavations conducted under the auspices of Flinders Petrie's British School of Archaeology in Egypt ((http://www.ucl.ac.uk/museums-static/digitalegypt/archaeology/petriedigsindex.html) BSAE ), who had regulations on where objects should go.
The archaeological investigations of individuals such as Giovanni Belzoni (Italian explorer and pioneer archaeologist of Egyptian antiquities), Flinders Petrie (Egyptologist) and Adela Breton (archaeological artist and explorer) will be explored.
After cutting his teeth on a few 17th century papyri under the direction of Flinders Petrie, in 1895, Grenfell headed for the ancient Egyptian city of Oxyrhyncus, a hundred miles or so south of Cairo, and here he hit the jackpot.
Grueber, noting the figurine, asked if he was interested in Egypt and whether he knew Flinders Petrie, who happened to be in town preparing for another trip to Egypt to collect for the Egyptian Exploration Fund.
The archaeology of race; the eugenic ideas of Francis Galton and Flinders Petrie.
Here he meets Jack, Daisy and their grandfather, Professor Honeycut who, with his ethical approach to archaeology, might well be based on Flinders Petrie. The opportunity is taken to dip into elements of the Edwardian era including suffragettes, dress and popular music.
The first chapter ostensibly describes the "discovery" of Abydos, but, although it speaks briefly of the work of Auguste Mariette and Flinders Petrie, much of it is taken up with an overview of the ancient history of the site.
Flinders Petrie, who excavated the mummy 81 miles southwest of Cairo in 1888, she visited the burial site near Hawara village.
For they are just as quick to invoke the words of the estimable Egyptologist Flinders Petrie, who, on and off the field, celebrated the vital importance of what he called "unconsidered trifles": "bits of boxes, string, thread, sandals and even linen." Schechter, they tell us in the very next sentence, found in the geniza something quite comparable to Petrie's quotidian revelations: "textual 'trifles' "196,000 of them, to be exact.

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