Flood, Henry,1732–91, Irish statesman. He entered the Irish House of Commons in 1759 and joined the fight to gain independence for the Irish Parliament. He lost favor with the nationalists, however, when he accepted (1775) a position in the government, and the leadership of the nationalists passed to Henry GrattanGrattan, Henry
, 1746–1820, Irish statesman. A lawyer, he entered (1775) the Irish Parliament and soon became known as a brilliant orator. Aided by Britain's preoccupation with the American Revolution and its fear of the revolutionary potential of the Irish volunteer army
..... Click the link for more information. . Flood recaptured popularity when, following the repeal (1782) of Poynings's Law (see under Poynings, Sir EdwardPoynings, Sir Edward,
1459–1521, English statesman. After taking part in an insurrection (1483) against Richard III, he fled to the Continent, where he joined the followers of Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, who in 1485 ascended the English throne as Henry VII.
..... Click the link for more information. ), he went beyond Grattan in demanding positive assurance of Irish legislative independence. But his opposition to Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
..... Click the link for more information. , which Grattan favored, once more reduced his following. Flood served (1783–90) in both the English and the Irish House of Commons, but he never regained his leadership of the Irish nationalists.
Born 1732; died Dec. 2, 1791, in Farmley, County Kilkenny. Irish political figure; one of the leaders of the liberal opposition to the English ruling power.
A barrister by profession, Flood was a member of the Irish Parliament from 1759 to 1790 and of the English Parliament from 1783 to 1790. From 1775 to 1781 he held various posts under the English government in Ireland. Together with H. Grattan, he supported mostly moderate reforms and in the early 1780’s called for parliamentary autonomy in Ireland; the latter was achieved in 1782–83 but was abolished in 1801.