Flood, James Clair

Flood, James Clair,

1826–89, American silver magnate, b. New York City. Having been apprenticed to a carriage maker, he left to join the California gold rush in 1849. The following year he returned to New York, then bought a farm in Illinois, but in 1851 he was back in California. In partnership with William Shoney O'BrienO'Brien, William Shoney,
c.1826–1878, American silver magnate, b. Dublin, Ireland. He was brought to the United States as a child and worked in a New York grocery store before going to California in the gold rush of 1849.
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 he operated a saloon and lunchroom in San Francisco until 1865, when the two men formed a successful mining partnership with J. W. MackayMackay, John William
, 1831–1902, American financier, b. Dublin, Ireland. He immigrated to the United States in 1840. In 1859 he joined the rush to Nevada, where silver had been discovered. He and J. G. Fair, later joined by William Shoney O'Brien and J. C.
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 and J. G. FairFair, James Graham,
1831–94, American financier, b. near Belfast, Ireland. He emigrated to America as a child, grew up on an Illinois farm, and went west in 1851 in search of gold. In partnership with J. W. Mackay, J. C. Flood, and William S.
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 to exploit the Comstock LodeComstock Lode,
richest known U.S. silver deposit, W Nevada, on Mt. Davidson in the Virginia Range. It is said to have been discovered in 1857 by Ethan Allen Grosh and Hosea Ballou Grosh, sons of a Pennsylvania minister and veterans of the California gold fields who died under
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See O. Lewis, The Silver Kings (1947).

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