fennel

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Related to Florence fennel: fennel flower, common fennel

fennel,

common name for several perennial herbs, genus Foeniculum vulgare of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
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 family), related to dill. The strawlike foliage and the seeds are licorice-scented and are used (especially in Italian cooking) for flavoring. Sweet fennel, or finocchio, is a variety with a thick, bulb-based stalk eaten like celery. In literature and legend fennel is a symbol of flattery, a remedy for failing eyesight, and an aphrodisiac. Its inflorescence is a flat-topped umbel of yellow florets. Fennel-flower, a member of the buttercup family, also produces aromatic seeds. The dog fennels are members of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family). Fennel is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Apiales, family Umbelliferae.
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fennel

fennel

A famous edible seasoning that calms the digestive and nervous system while activating digestive juices- great for anyone with gas, flatulence, indigestion, hard time digesting food, use plant seeds with strong aroma- like fennel seeds, anise seeds, dill seeds, cumin seeds, mustard seeds… aromatic seeds activate digestive fire. Fennel leaf tea lowers blood pressure without reducing heart rate. Seeds increase libido and milk production. Seeds also used as “licorice” because of the anise taste. Used for coughs and colic in children. Helps cancer patients rebuild digestive system after radiation and chemotherapy. Also used for kidneys, liver, spleen, lungs. Grows up to 7 feet tall (2.5m) Be careful not to confuse fennel with poison hemlock! Fennel has yellowish flowers and a licorice smell, while poison hemlock has white flowers, smells bad and has purple splotches on the stem. Yellow fennel flowers are eye candy with a subtle licorice flavor, much like the herb itself. Seeds can be easily stored and used in salads, soups, dressings. Fennel takes away appetite, so taking some before meals helps you eat less. Do not eat while pregnant.

fennel

[′fen·əl]
(botany)
Foeniculum vulgare. A tall perennial herb of the family Umbelliferae; a spice is derived from the fruit.

fennel

1. a strong-smelling yellow-flowered umbelliferous plant, Foeniculum vulgare, whose seeds and feathery leaves are used to season and flavour food
2. another name for mayweed
References in periodicals archive ?
Florence fennel is ready to harvest as soon as the bulb-like structure at the base of each plant is a couple of inches wide.
Florence fennel If you want an unusual vegetable to add an aniseed flavour to dishes or simply served as an accompaniment, now's the time to sow Florence fennel under cover, or wait until May to sow outdoors.
SOW Florence fennel for use in fish dishes, soups and salads.
First result of plant density and nitrogen rate on yield and quality of Florence fennel (Foeniculum vulgar Mill.
Beetroot, spinach, Florence fennel, Kale 'Cavolo Nero', watercress and 'Banana' shallots - a seed-sown variety producing a single large bulb with a very strong flavour - all produced harvests much more economical than buying the produce from supermarkets.
If you only have a small city garden but want to add some zest to your patio, fennel looks amazingly decorative in a large container and the herb fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is distinct from its vegetable relative, Florence fennel.
Suggested groups include: # Celery, sweetcorn, spinach, leeks, root crops/ potatoes # Legumes, onions, Florence fennel # Brassicas, perennial cropsSalad leaves, sweetcorn, potatoes, tomatoes and any other crop that doesn't fall into the traditional rotation groups can replace any crops in any year.
Florence fennel is another edible plant with fringed, fern-like foliage.
THINGS TO DO THIS WEEK Plant main crop potatoes Prepare runner bean trenches, if not done earlier Annual climbers can now be sown Sow Florence fennel in milder areas, one and half feet apart, but leave until next month elsewhere Sow parsley monthly to ensure a regular supply
TALKS and roots are undoubtedly the aristocrats of the kitchen garden and the asparagus is the noblest of them all, even in such company as Florence fennel and globe artichokes.
This fennel should not be confused with bulb or Florence fennel, the vegetable with a swollen white bulb that you can buy in the supermarket.

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