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Flores(flôr`ĕs), island, 6,627 sq mi (17,164 sq km), E Indonesia, one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. Flores is heavily wooded, rugged, and mountainous, rising to 7,872 ft (2,399 m); there are active volcanoes. The inhabitants are predominantly Christian, mainly Roman Catholic; those in the west are chiefly Malays, and those in the east are Papuans. Corn and coconuts are grown. Ende (1990 pop. 48,966) is the chief town and port. The Flores Sea is north of the island and S of Sulawesi.
Among the prehistoric inhabitants of the island were small-proportioned hominins who the discovering archaeologists classified as Homo floresiensis in 2004. Although originally believed to have lived on Flores as recently as 17,000 years ago, the remains and artifacts were later dated to 50,000 years ago and earlier. A subsequent discovery of a similarly sized hominin was dated to 700,000 years ago. Much later under the rule of the princes of Sulawesi, Flores came under Dutch influence c.1618. The Dutch gradually gained control of the island, although Portugal held the eastern end until 1851 and the natives were not completely subjugated until 1907.
Flores(flô`rĭz, Port. flô`rəsh), island (1991 pop. 4,435), 58 sq mi (150 sq km), Horta dist., in the N Atlantic, the most westerly of the AzoresAzores
, Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal.
..... Click the link for more information. , Portugal. Santa Cruz is its chief town. Cattle raising is the main industry.
Flores(flōrəs), town (1990 est. pop. 2,200), capital of Petén department, N Guatemala. Flores was built on an island in the southern part of Lake Petén Itzá and on the site of the Itzá Mayan city of Tayasal. Tayasal was not taken by the Spanish until 1697 and may have been the last major functioning Mayan ceremonial complex. All traces of Tayasal were destroyed by the Spanish. Flores is a commercial center for the surrounding region; chief products include chicle, hardwoods, rubber, and sugarcane. The town is connected to the lakeshore and the neighboring towns of Santa Elena and San Benito by a causeway.
an island in Indonesia, in the group of Lesser Sunda Islands. Flores, whose name, given by Portuguese navigators, reflects the island’s rich flora, has an area of 15,600 sq km. Coral reefs stretch along a large portion of the island. A mountain range, which rises to an elevation of 2,400 m, extends across the island from west to east. It is composed mainly of andesites and basalts. In the south the mountains form steep cliffs that drop sharply to the sea. The northern slopes are gentler; there are hilly plains along the northern coast. Flores has more than ten active volcanoes, including Lewotobi, Inerie, and Keli Mutu. The climate is monsoon and subequatorial, with an annual precipitation of 1,000 to 1,400 mm; the dry season lasts from April through November. The mountains are covered with evergreen and hardwood monsoon forests; there are extensive savannas, consisting of alang-alang. Crops include rice, corn, tobacco, soybeans, peanuts, coconut palms, and coffee. The population also engages in stock raising and fishing. The main cities are Ende and Ruteng.
an interisland sea of the Pacific Ocean, between the islands of Sulawesi in the north and Sumbawa and Flores in the south. The area of the sea is 115,000 sq km, and the volume, 175,000 cu km. The mean depth is 1,522 m, and the maximum depth, 5,234 m. The surface water temperature varies from 26°C in August and September to 28.8°C in November. Salinity varies between 32.0 and 34.6 parts per thousand. The surface currents have a southerly or westerly direction. The bottom deposits are mainly volcanic mud and globigerina ooze. Tides are irregular, semidiurnal, and reach a magnitude of 2.3 m.