Flores, Juan José

Flores, Juan José

(hwän hōsā` flō`rās), 1800–1864, president of Ecuador (1830–34, 1839–45), b. Puerto Cabello, Venezuela. A commander under Bolívar in the War of Independence, Flores led (1830) the secession of Ecuador from the Colombian union and became its first president. A conservative who supported entrenched privileges, especially those of the Church, he was soon opposed by a liberal opposition under RocafuerteRocafuerte, Vicente
, 1783–1847, president of Ecuador (1834–39). Rocafuerte headed (1833) the opposition to Juan José Flores. Leader of a revolt at Guayaquil (1834), he was defeated and imprisoned, but was released after he and Flores settled their differences.
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, who succeeded him as president. Flores was twice reelected but, accused of dictatorial ambitions, he was exiled. Returning in 1860 with Gabriel García Moreno, he served as army chief until his death.
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