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Florianópolis(flo͝orēənô`po͝olēs), city (1996 pop. 268,551), capital of Santa Catarina state, SE Brazil, on Santa Catarina Island. An administrative and cultural center and a port city, it is linked with the mainland by a huge suspension bridge (built 1926). The city was founded as Destêrro in 1673 by colonists from São Paulo and became the capital of the captaincy of Santa Catarina in 1739. It was renamed (1893) for Floriano Peixoto, a president of Brazil. Its commercial importance began to decrease in the late 19th cent. as the interior of the state was developed. The Univ. of Santa Catarina is in Florianópolis.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a seaport and the capital city of the state of Santa Catarina in southern Brazil. Population, 120,000 (1970). Florianópolis has a railroad station. The principal industries are the production of textiles and food, metalworking, and woodworking.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.