rose

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rose

rose, common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.

The Rose Family

The family is especially abundant in E Asia, Europe, and North America, where species of almost half of the family's genera are indigenous, especially in the Pacific coastal area. Many of the Rosaceae are thorny, and most are characterized by the presence of stipules on the leaf, by flowers having five sets of parts, by a fleshy fruit, such as a rose hip or an apple, that is derived in large part from a cup-shaped enlargement of the flower stalk, and by the near absence of endosperm in the seed.

Although some groups of these plants are sometimes classed as separate families, most botanists consider them all to be a single family that represents a natural phylogenetic classification, i.e., most or all members have evolved from common ancestors. The largest of the approximately 110 genera (comprising a total of some 3,100 species) are Rubus (including the raspberry, blackberry, dewberry, loganberry, and other types of bramble), Spiraea (including the bridal wreath, meadowsweet, and hardhack), Rosa (the true roses), Crataegus (hawthorn), and Prunus (including the almond, apricot, blackthorn or sloe, cherry, nectarine, peach, and plum).

Economically the rose family is of enormous importance. It provides numerous temperate fruits including (besides species of Rubus and Prunus) the apple, loquat, medlar, pear, quince, and strawberry. The typically fragrant and beautiful flowers make many members of the family prized as ornamentals, e.g., the fruit trees and bushes mentioned and also the antelope brush, Christmasberry, mountain ash, pyracantha, and shadbush. Many genera have species that are native wildflowers of the United States; in addition to many of those above are Agrimonia (agrimony), Potentilla (cinquefoil), and Sanguisorba (burnet), which are also sometimes cultivated.

The True Roses

The most popular ornamentals of the family, and among the most esteemed of all cultivated plants, are the true roses. Rosa occurs indigenously in the north temperate zone and in tropical mountain areas, usually as erect or climbing shrubs with five-petaled fragrant flowers. Sometimes the foliage also is fragrant, as in the European sweetbrier, or eglantine. From many of the wild species have been developed the large number of cultivated varieties and hybrids having single or double blossoms that range in color from white and yellow to many shades of pink and red. Since many species are highly variable and hybridize easily, the classification of Rosa is sometimes difficult, and the wild type of some modern forms is not always known.

The rose has been a favorite flower in many lands since prehistoric times. It appears in the earliest art, poetry, and tradition. It has been used in innumerable ways in decoration. In ancient times it was used medically—Pliny lists 32 remedies made of its petals and leaves. Formerly it was eaten in salads and conserves. It was sacred to Aphrodite and was a favorite flower of the Romans, who spread its culture wherever their armies conquered. Among the old species are the cabbage rose and the damask rose, both native to the Caucasus; the latter especially is cultivated for the perfume oil attar of roses. The famous roses of England include the white rose that was the emblem of the house of York and the red rose of the house of Lancaster in the Wars of the Roses. The rambler rose, frequently grown on trellises and porches, and the tea and hybrid tea roses are of more recent origin, the result of modern rose culture, which really began when the East India Company's ships brought new everblooming or monthly roses from the Orient.

The rose is the emblem of England and the national flower of the United States. It is the official flower of New York state; the wild rose, of Iowa; the prairie rose, of North Dakota; and the American Beauty, of the District of Columbia. Practical uses of roses, besides their importance as a source of perfume, include a delicate-flavored jelly made from the fruits, called rose hips, of some wild species. Thorny rambling roses, such as the Oriental multiflora rose, are much used as hedge and erosion control plants in agriculture, highway landscaping, and wildlife preserves.

Classification

Roses are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.

Bibliography

See the American Rose Annual, issued by the American Rose Society; R. Genders, The Rose: A Complete Handbook (1965); S. M. Gault and P. M. Synge, The Dictionary of Roses in Color (1971).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

rose

A stylized carving of a wild rose; used in Gothic style ornamentation and on Corinthian capitals. See also: Ornament
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
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rose

rose

All roses are edible. Rose petals can be added to salads or sprinkled on desserts, used as edible decorations and made into tea. Darker ones have more flavor. Be sure to remove the bitter white portion of the petals. Different types and colors have quite different tastes In India, they dry the petals, grind them into powder and then use the powder in everything, but you can eat the petals fresh straight off the plant. Rose Hips, At the base of the flower is a “hip”, a red cranberrylooking thing. Rosehips are a famously super high source of vitamin C, riboflavins and antioxidants, also used to help with constipation.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

What does it mean when you dream about a rose?

The rose symbolizes femininity, beauty, love, and romance. Roses also have profound spiritual significance, representing good and evil, life and death. The colors of the petals are also symbolic: white is purity, red is passion, pink is romance, black is death.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

rose

[rōz]
(botany)
A member of the genus Rosa in the rose family (Rosaceae); plants are erect, climbing, or trailing shrubs, generally prickly stemmed, and bear alternate, odd-pinnate single leaves.
(mathematics)
A graph consisting of loops shaped like rose petals arising from the equations in polar coordinates r = a sin n θ or r = a cos n θ. Also known as rhodonea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rose

A metal plate attached to the face of a door, around the shaft for the doorknob; sometimes acts as a bearing surface for the knob.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rose

of Honduras. [Flower Symbolism: WB, 7: 264]

rose

of New York. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 638]

rose

traditional symbol of love. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 177]
See: Love
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

rose

1. 
a. any shrub or climbing plant of the rosaceous genus Rosa, typically having prickly stems, compound leaves, and fragrant flowers
b. (in combination)
2. the flower of any of these plants
3. any of various similar plants, such as the rockrose and Christmas rose
4. a moderate purplish-red colour; purplish pink
5. a perforated cap fitted to the spout of a watering can or the end of a hose, causing the water to issue in a spray
6. Electrical engineering a circular boss attached to a ceiling through which the flexible lead of an electric-light fitting passes
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

ROSE

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

Rose

(dreams)
Most flowers are seen as friendly dream symbols. Roses may have their own special meaning and could represent femininity, beauty, love, or romance. Roses may have some spiritual significance as well. They are used when expressing both positive and negative emotions. They unfold and can be considered symbols of innocence. The color of the rose, as well as the details of the dream, should be considered when making an interpretation. (i. e., white—purity; red— passion; pink—romance and love; black—death.)
Bedside Dream Dictionary by Silvana Amar Copyright © 2007 by Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For mixed borders and rose beds choose bush roses, which include hybrid tea and floribunda roses, known respectively as large-flowered and cluster-flowered roses.
Before the Morden roses, there were the Rugosas such as 'Hansa,' and some semi-hardy floribunda roses such as 'Eutin Red,' but few varieties which combined thrilling garden performance with solid hardiness.
The Gladney Rose Garden is a giant wheel-shaped display of hundreds of hybrid tea and floribunda roses, accented by a formal white fence.
Q I'VE been growing floribunda roses in a bed for years.
For the best selection of hybrid tea and floribunda roses, order bare-root plants this month from Garden Valley Ranch.
70 bulbs for PS12.99 140 bulbs for PS17.98 save PS8 OFFER FOUR RHS AGM FRAGRANCED Floribunda ROSES Autumn is a great time for planting English roses.
Years ago, hybrid tea and floribunda roses were in vogue but now alliums and tree ferns have become the must-have plants - but will they still be in fashion in a few years' time?
The Queen Mother's Rose Garden has more than 60 modern cultivars of hybrid tea and floribunda roses, with a mix of climbers thrown in.
Reduce shoots on hybrid tea and floribunda roses to lessen the risk of damage from wind-rock.
If the flower is one of a cluster of flowers as those produced by floribunda roses or daylilies, pluck each faded flower, but do not remove the cluster until the last flower has faded.
l BOTH hybrid tea and floribunda roses produce flowers on this year's new growth and should be pruned this month.
Most modern bush roses are either Hybrid Tea, with one large bloom to a stem, or floribunda roses, with clusters of flowers on each stem.