Florida Current

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Florida Current

[′flär·ə·də ‚kə·rənt]
A fast current that sets through the Straits of Florida to a point north of Grand Bahama Island, where it joins the Antilles Current to form the Gulf Stream.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Florida Current


a powerful warm ocean current flowing from the Gulf of Mexico through the Straits of Florida into the Atlantic Ocean, where it joins the Antilles Current to form the Gulf Stream. The Florida Current, which is considered, at the same time, to be part of the Gulf Stream system of currents, primarily carries waters entering the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea through the Yucatan Channel. Water temperatures are therefore very warm, ranging from 28°–29°C in the summer and 24°–25°C in the winter. Salinity in the main stream exceeds 36 parts per thousand. Near the Gulf of Mexico, the Florida Current is 140 km wide and 1,500 m deep, with a velocity reaching 145 cm/sec, or more than 5 km/hr, and a transport of 21–30 million m3/sec. The highest velocities—190 cm/sec, or 7 km/hr, in the summer and 130 cm/sec, or 4.5 km/hr, in the winter—have been observed 30 km from the coast, near the city of Miami. Volume transport throughout the stream varies according to the season; the mean transport is approximately 30 million m3/sec, with a maximum of 34 million in early summer and a minimum of 25 million in early winter.


Stommel, G. Gol’fstrim. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
Niiler, P. P., and W. S. Richardson. “Seasonal Variability of the Florida Current.” Journal of Marine Research, 1973, vol. 31, no. 3.
Brooks, J. H., and P. P. Niiler. “The Florida Current at Key West: Summer 1972.” Ibid., 1975, vol. 33, no. 1.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Florida Current, which forms the core of the Gulf Stream, can meander widely, bringing red tide close to shore quickly or holding it out at sea for long periods of time.
Based: NAS Pensacola, Florida Current Commanding Officer: Cmdr.
The Wall is a steep decline in the continental shelf running west to east, paralleling the Florida Current. Starting around 850 feet, the wall drops to the south, down to about 1,400 feet.
This is consistent with the great circulation patterns of the Gulf Stream, the Antilles Current, and the Florida Current (Gyory et al., 2013a, 2013b).
Search terms used to identify relevant literature included the scientific and common name of each turtle species found in Florida and combinations of the following: sea turtle, marine turtle, turtle, seaturtle, tracking, migration, swimming, distribution, satellite tracking, radio tracking, acoustic tracking, telemetry, tracking, Southern Gulf Stream, and Florida Current.
Just because a government was "democratically" elected does not mean it is a righteous government or that the electorate got the government they thought they were electing." -- her response to the (http://www.ammoland.com/2013/01/q-and-a-marion-p-hammer/#axzz2SFktgtI1) Florida Current when asked if the people can remain sovereign if a democratically-elected government places stricter regulations on gun ownership.
This distribution matches the path of the Loop Current that forms from the water masses in the Gulf of Mexico, and enters the Straits of Florida to form the Florida Current and further north the Gulf Stream.Particularly vulnerable to disturbance are deep-sea fish that form part of this ecosystem because of their late maturation, extreme longevity, low fecundity and slow growth.
They discuss such topics as ocean circulation and mesoscale ocean dynamics derived from satellite altimetry; global three-dimensional thermohaline circulation and its influence on climate; seasonal cycle variations on the supercontinent of Pangaea; modal decomposition for ocean circulation; temporal variability of the Florida Current Transport; the long-term consequences of increased El Ninos in the Chilean semiarid zone; the impact of climate variability on agriculture; and the effects of El Nino on marine life in North America.
Two main immigration routes have been hypothesized for pink shrimp postlarvae entering Florida Bay: 1) postlarvae may drift south-southeast downstream with the Florida Current and enter Florida Bay through the tidal channels of the Lower and Middle Florida Keys (Rehrer et al., 1967; Munro et al., 1968), and 2) postlarvae may move northeast across the SW Florida shelf and enter the Bay at its northwestern boundary (Jones et al., 1970; Criales and Lee, 1995).
It begins as a current flowing out of the Gulf of Mexico around the tip of Florida, where it is referred to as the Florida current.
Near its origin off the southeast coast of the US, the Gulf Stream (or Florida Current, as it is known there) flows just off the continental boundary in several hundred meters of water.

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