Florida Current


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Florida Current

[′flär·ə·də ‚kə·rənt]
(oceanography)
A fast current that sets through the Straits of Florida to a point north of Grand Bahama Island, where it joins the Antilles Current to form the Gulf Stream.

Florida Current

 

a powerful warm ocean current flowing from the Gulf of Mexico through the Straits of Florida into the Atlantic Ocean, where it joins the Antilles Current to form the Gulf Stream. The Florida Current, which is considered, at the same time, to be part of the Gulf Stream system of currents, primarily carries waters entering the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea through the Yucatan Channel. Water temperatures are therefore very warm, ranging from 28°–29°C in the summer and 24°–25°C in the winter. Salinity in the main stream exceeds 36 parts per thousand. Near the Gulf of Mexico, the Florida Current is 140 km wide and 1,500 m deep, with a velocity reaching 145 cm/sec, or more than 5 km/hr, and a transport of 21–30 million m3/sec. The highest velocities—190 cm/sec, or 7 km/hr, in the summer and 130 cm/sec, or 4.5 km/hr, in the winter—have been observed 30 km from the coast, near the city of Miami. Volume transport throughout the stream varies according to the season; the mean transport is approximately 30 million m3/sec, with a maximum of 34 million in early summer and a minimum of 25 million in early winter.

REFERENCES

Stommel, G. Gol’fstrim. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
Niiler, P. P., and W. S. Richardson. “Seasonal Variability of the Florida Current.” Journal of Marine Research, 1973, vol. 31, no. 3.
Brooks, J. H., and P. P. Niiler. “The Florida Current at Key West: Summer 1972.” Ibid., 1975, vol. 33, no. 1.

A. S. POLOSIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The Wall is a steep decline in the continental shelf running west to east, paralleling the Florida Current.
This is consistent with the great circulation patterns of the Gulf Stream, the Antilles Current, and the Florida Current (Gyory et al.
Search terms used to identify relevant literature included the scientific and common name of each turtle species found in Florida and combinations of the following: sea turtle, marine turtle, turtle, seaturtle, tracking, migration, swimming, distribution, satellite tracking, radio tracking, acoustic tracking, telemetry, tracking, Southern Gulf Stream, and Florida Current.
com/2013/01/q-and-a-marion-p-hammer/#axzz2SFktgtI1) Florida Current when asked if the people can remain sovereign if a democratically-elected government places stricter regulations on gun ownership.
This distribution matches the path of the Loop Current that forms from the water masses in the Gulf of Mexico, and enters the Straits of Florida to form the Florida Current and further north the Gulf Stream.
They discuss such topics as ocean circulation and mesoscale ocean dynamics derived from satellite altimetry; global three-dimensional thermohaline circulation and its influence on climate; seasonal cycle variations on the supercontinent of Pangaea; modal decomposition for ocean circulation; temporal variability of the Florida Current Transport; the long-term consequences of increased El Ninos in the Chilean semiarid zone; the impact of climate variability on agriculture; and the effects of El Nino on marine life in North America.
Two main immigration routes have been hypothesized for pink shrimp postlarvae entering Florida Bay: 1) postlarvae may drift south-southeast downstream with the Florida Current and enter Florida Bay through the tidal channels of the Lower and Middle Florida Keys (Rehrer et al.
11:00 AN OVERVIEW OF SPECTRAL ANALYSIS WITH APPLICATIONS TO THE SEASONAL SIGNAL IN THE FLORIDA CURRENT
It begins as a current flowing out of the Gulf of Mexico around the tip of Florida, where it is referred to as the Florida current.
Beyond Cape Hatteras the Gulf Stream extends to several thousand meters depth and meanders significantly, in marked contrast to the shallow, nearly straight Florida Current.
Hammond said that sargassum mats entering the Gulf join the Loop Current and eventually exit the Gulf by way of the Florida Straits off Key West where the current becomes the Florida Current.
Young larval istiophorids from the Florida Current eat primarily cyclopoid copepods of the genera Corycaeus, Farranula, and Oithona (Post et al.

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