All five farms were given a map assessing the fluke
infection risk across their fields.
A large Welsh abattoir reported a further increase in lamb liver condemnations due to fluke
, rising from 2.8 per cent in October to more than 5% in November.
Cattle farmers should make use of both pasture management techniques and anthelmintic treatments to prevent and control liver fluke
Discovery of Opisthorchis lobatus (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae): new recorded species of small liver flukes
in the greater Mekong sub-region.
Eleven immature flukes
(1.5-2.0 cm long) were recovered; 2 were in narrow (3-4 mm diameter) blood-filled tracts while the precise location of the others could not be determined.
with soldier castes may also have a biomedical application.
-- Snails expel newly hatched flukes
in a slime ball.
With liver fluke
, limit access to the intermediate host or its habitat.
Line drawings of flukes
were made by the author with the aid of a Bausch and Lomb microprojector.
"Cattle brought in from unknown areas may pose a threat because, if infected, they can spread liver fluke
eggs in their feces when the conditions are right for both flukes
and their intermediate host.
lay eggs in the body's main stomach vein, which are passed out in urine or faeces into the water system, where they are swallowed by snails.
Most infected, short-term travelers sustain a low-level of fluke
infestation with few symptoms, although serious complications can occur.