flycatcher

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Related to Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

flycatcher,

common name for various members of the Old World family Muscicapidae, insectivorous songbirds including the kingbirds, phoebes, and pewees. Flycatchers vary in color from drab to brilliant, as in the crested monarch and paradise flycatchers of Asia and Africa. The New World family Tyrannidae (tyrant flycatchers), includes 365 species distributed over the Americas from the Canadian tree limit to Patagonia. Most are arboreal and inconspicuously colored in olive-green, brown, or gray, the species grading into one another almost imperceptibly. They range in length from 3 1-2 in. to 16 in. (8.7–40 cm), the majority being under 10 in. (25 cm). Flycatchers have large heads, broad shoulders, flattish bills, pointed wings, and small, weak legs and feet. The tails are rounded or shallowly forked, except for that of the scissor-tailed flycatcher of the SW United States, a gray bird with black wings and tail and reddish patches at the wing base, whose long (7–10 in./17.5–25 cm), deeply forked tail enables it to perform aerial acrobatics. Flycatchers characteristically feed by darting after insects from an advantageous perch; the name tyrant reflects their pugnacity toward crows, hawks, and other large birds, which they harass with great determination. Their crown feathers are more or less erectile; in the royal flycatcher of Mexico and Brazil, Pyrocephalus rubineus Mexicanus, also called vermilion flycatcher, they are developed into a flaming crest. Many flycatchers are found near water, e.g., the eastern phoebe, or water pewee (Sayiornis fusca), a gray bird named for its plaintive, repetitive call and identifiable by its habit of flicking or bobbing its tail while perched. The wood pewee, genus Contopus, is a shy forest bird. The Say's, black, and San Jose phoebes are Western species. The 9-in. (22.5 cm) eastern kingbird is typical of the kingbird group; it has a dark back, white breast, and white-tipped tail. Kingbirds are also called bee martins, though they actually prefer other insects. The small (under 6 in./15 cm) empidonax flycatchers are all olive-green and are difficult to distinguish; they include the least, Acadian, and alder (or Traill's) flycatchers of the East and the western, Hammond's, Wright's, and vermilion flycatchers of the West. The South American kiskadee dives for fish like a kingfisher. The nesting habits of flycatchers vary; the typical nest is an open cup in a tree, but some nest on buildings and in concealed places, and the great crested flycatcher of E North America is a cavity-nester that habitually lines its nest with cast snake skins. Certain fly-catching warblers, belonging to a different family, are sometimes called flycatchers. Flycatchers are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeres, families Muscicapidae and Tyrannidae.

flycatcher

1. any small insectivorous songbird of the Old World subfamily Muscicapinae, having small slender bills fringed with bristles: family Muscicapidae
2. any American passerine bird of the family Tyrannidae
References in periodicals archive ?
In summary, these data on collared flycatchers suggest that high mortality rates and individual differences in arrival time reduce the maximum probability of encountering close kin available for mating.
Find me the first vermilion flycatcher sallying out from newly leafed cottonwoods and willows, picking off recently hatched insects, and I will warble with delight: Spring has come once again to the Sonoran Desert.
Interaction between the scissor-tailed flycatchers and blue jays was initiated by the blue jays.
Of this willow-covered area, about 30 ha (7%) were excluded from trapping to avoid disturbing nesting Willow Flycatchers.
A PIED flycatcher is the first bird to be officially adopted by a national park in a major UK campaign.
Early in the past century seven species were found nearly every spring near Urbana but more than 40 years later they were recorded at Charleston in less than half the 23 years: Olive-sided Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (5 years), Bewick's Wren (8 years and none after 1984), Winter Wren, Loggerhead Shrike, Black-throated Blue Warbler (3 years) and Pine Warbler.
In some places, that warmth has moved up the timing of a short-lived banquet of caterpillars, which adult flycatchers feed to their ravenous chicks.
Dr Christiaan Both, from the University of Groningen, who co-led the study, said: "The flycatchers were not able to advance their laying date enough in those early forests because they have not advanced their arrival time from their African wintering grounds.
Volunteers will receive training, visit a survey point at least two times and count flycatchers, warblers and hawks during their breeding season.
1993) and on Collared Flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis; Wiggins et al.
The coffee/bird connection is about songbirds - warblers, orioles, tanagers, flycatchers, thrushes, vireos and their forest-dependent cohorts.
(1986) suggested a hypothesis of interspecific female mimicry for color divergence in male pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca) where they live in sympatry with collared flycatchers (F.