Fock, Jeno

Fock, Jenő

(yĕ`nö fōk), 1916–2001, Hungarian Communist politician. He joined the Communist party in 1932, and from 1940 to 1943 he was imprisoned for his Communist activities. An economist, Fock held several offices, including that of deputy premier (1961–67). In 1967 he was appointed premier. Unable to stimulate Hungary's moribund economy, he resigned in 1975.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fock, Jenő


Born May 17, 1916, in Budapest. State and political figure in the Hungarian People’s Republic.

The son of a worker, Fock worked as a machinist. In 1932 he joined the Communist Party of Hungary and was continually persecuted for revolutionary activities. From 1952 to 1954 he was deputy minister of the metallurgical industry. In 1954 and 1955 he was the Hungarian trade representative in the German Democratic Republic. In July 1956 he became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party (HWP). After the suppression of the counterrevolutionary revolt of 1956 in Hungary, Fock took an active part in reestablishing party organizations. In late 1956 he became a member of the Central Committee of the HWP, and in 1957 a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party (HSWP). From 1957 to 1961 he served as secretary of the Central Committee of the HSWP. From 1961 to 1967 he was deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People’s Republic, and from 1967 to 1975, chairman.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.