(fŏk-shän`, –shä`nē), town (1990 pop. 98,645), E central Romania, at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps. The administrative center of a district famed for its vineyards, Focşani is an industrial town producing furniture and clothing. It was founded in the 15th cent. The German-Romanian armistice in World War I was signed (1917) there.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in eastern Rumania. Capital of Vrancea District. Population, 45,600 (1974). Focsani has machine-building, wood-products, and food-processing enterprises. It is the center of a grape-growing and wine-making region.

On July 21 (Aug. 1), 1789, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–91, 17,000 Russian and Austrian troops under the command of General A. V. Suvorov defeated 30,000 Turkish troops under Osman Pasa near Foc§ani. Suvorov’s division, deployed in the vicinity of Birlad, was protecting the right flank of the Russian Army, which was concentrated east of the Dnestr River. The division was also keeping lines of communication open to the Austrian corps of Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg, which was located near Adjud, on the Siret River. The prince, having discovered that the enemy was preparing to attack his troops, summoned Suvorov, who marched from Bîrlad on July 16 with a detachment of 5,000 men and linked up with the Austrians on the following day. The Russian and Austrian troops launched an offensive on July 19, threw back the Turkish advance guard on July 20, and approached the fortified Turkish camp at Foc§ani on July 21. Having repulsed attacks by the Turkish cavalry, the Russians and Austrians, striking swiftly, broke into the camp, forcing the enemy to flee. The number of Turkish dead alone reached 1,500; Russian losses totaled only 400.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In order to analyze the economic, social and cultural causes, a pilot survey has been conducted in Focsani, on a group of 90 persons, between the months of October and December 2016.
On May 2 a 4.1-quake occurred in the Vrancea region at a depth of 150 km and its epicenter was near the cities of Covasna, Focsani and Ramnicu Sarat.
Romania's Bucharest Court has approved the request to enter insolvency filed by Belgian developer Belrom through the Bel Rom Sapte company, for its Promenada Mall in Focsani, eastern Romania.Bel Rom Sapte's own insolvency request comes after several other companies have filed similar requests.
The affected areas are the Focsani Putna Seaca and Bucharest ProgresuGiurgiu railway sections, and the roads in the same Transport Corridor IX.
Over four years he sued various employers just to see her in the court in Focsani, 125 miles north-east of Bucharest.