Focşani(fŏk-shän`, –shä`nē), town (1990 pop. 98,645), E central Romania, at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps. The administrative center of a district famed for its vineyards, Focşani is an industrial town producing furniture and clothing. It was founded in the 15th cent. The German-Romanian armistice in World War I was signed (1917) there.
a city in eastern Rumania. Capital of Vrancea District. Population, 45,600 (1974). Focsani has machine-building, wood-products, and food-processing enterprises. It is the center of a grape-growing and wine-making region.
On July 21 (Aug. 1), 1789, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–91, 17,000 Russian and Austrian troops under the command of General A. V. Suvorov defeated 30,000 Turkish troops under Osman Pasa near Foc§ani. Suvorov’s division, deployed in the vicinity of Birlad, was protecting the right flank of the Russian Army, which was concentrated east of the Dnestr River. The division was also keeping lines of communication open to the Austrian corps of Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg, which was located near Adjud, on the Siret River. The prince, having discovered that the enemy was preparing to attack his troops, summoned Suvorov, who marched from Bîrlad on July 16 with a detachment of 5,000 men and linked up with the Austrians on the following day. The Russian and Austrian troops launched an offensive on July 19, threw back the Turkish advance guard on July 20, and approached the fortified Turkish camp at Foc§ani on July 21. Having repulsed attacks by the Turkish cavalry, the Russians and Austrians, striking swiftly, broke into the camp, forcing the enemy to flee. The number of Turkish dead alone reached 1,500; Russian losses totaled only 400.