fetal alcohol syndrome

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fetal alcohol syndrome

(FAS), pattern of physical, developmental, and psychological abnormalities seen in babies born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancypregnancy,
period of time between fertilization of the ovum (conception) and birth, during which mammals carry their developing young in the uterus (see embryo). The average duration of pregnancy in humans is about 280 days, equal to 9 calendar months.
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. The abnormalities include low birthweight, facial deformities, and mental retardation, and there appears to be an association with impulsive behavior, anxiousness, and an inability on the part of the affected children to understand the consequences of their actions. When some but not all of these abnormalities are present, they are referred to as fetal alcohol effects (FAE). FAE has been observed in children of mothers who drank as little as two drinks per week during pregnancy. FAS affects 1 to 2 babies per 1,000 born worldwide. Many require constant lifelong supervision and end up institutionalized because of dysfunction in the family. FAS was first defined as a syndrome in 1973, although it has been observed for centuries. See also alcoholismalcoholism,
disease characterized by impaired control over the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Alcoholism is a serious problem worldwide; in the United States the wide availability of alcoholic beverages makes alcohol the most accessible drug, and alcoholism is the most
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.

Bibliography

See M. Dorris, The Broken Cord: A Family's Ongoing Struggle with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (1989).

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fetal alcohol syndrome

[‚fēd·əl ′al·kə‚hȯl ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A spectrum of changes in the offspring of women who consume alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, ranging from mild mental changes to severe growth deficiency, mental retardation, and abnormal facial features.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

fetal alcohol syndrome

a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy: characterized by various defects including mental retardation
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A) FASD is the umbrella term used to describe the conditions that occur in people who have been diagnosed with some, but not all, of the symptoms of foetal alcohol syndrome. Like FAS, FASD is caused by a mother's drinking during pregnancy, and it affects the way a baby develops physically and mentally.
Drinking heavily in pregnancy can cause Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), which may leave children with impaired IQ, low birth weight, and severe learning difficulties.
(4) Guidelines for recognising the syndrome in early infancy were published in 1973, with the researchers naming the condition as foetal alcohol syndrome. (5) More recent research, however, has shown that foetal exposure to alcohol may be responsible for a much broader range of developmental and behavioural disabilities than initially suspected.
HEALTH FEARS Mums are risking foetal alcohol syndrome sy sy sy synd nd nd nd ndro ro rome me me PICTURE POSED
Voice and Influence Award - Maria Catterick for her work in raising the issue of foetal alcohol syndrome both locally and nationally, even taking it to Parliament.
TEENAGER Niamh Brown will never be able to live independently after being born with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome.
FOETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME FACTS Q) What is foetal alcohol syndrome?
Foetal alcohol syndrome refers to the physical, behavioural or mental problems caused by a mother's alcohol intake during pregnancy.
The training programme will be run by the National Organisation for Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS).
"It changed their social skills, which resemble what you find in mild foetal alcohol syndrome in humans," he added.
The Department of Health said the National Organisation on Foetal Alcohol Syndrome estimates that more than 6,000 children are born in the UK each year with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, an umbrella term for a range of problems including physical, mental and behavioural.