Fokin, Sergei

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fokin, Sergei Alekseevich

 

Born June 11 (23), 1865, in the village of Voskresenskoe, near Kazan; died May 1 (14), 1917, in Kiev. Russian organic chemist and chemical engineer.

Fokin graduated from the University of Kazan in 1890 and the Kharkov Technological Institute in 1894. From 1909 he was a professor at the Don Polytechnic Institute in Novocherkassk, and from 1913 to 1917, at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute. In 1906–07, Fokin demonstrated that the addition of hydrogen to the eth-ylene bond proceeds easily and rapidly at room temperature in the presence of platinum black. He developed a technique for determining the hydrogen number of unsaturated compounds. He also investigated the hydrogenation of fats in the presence of a nickel catalyst; Russia’s first facility for hydrogenating fat was built in Kazan in 1909 under Fokin’s direction.

REFERENCE

Nesmelov, V. V. “K istorii promyshlennosti gidrogenizatsii zhirov v Rossii.” Uspekhi khimii, 1949, vol. 18, issue 4.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.