folder

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folder

folder

A subdivision of a storage device from the user's perspective (from the device's perspective, see sector). Folders contain files as well as other folders (subfolders), and they expand to accommodate content because they are not a fixed, physical entity. Folders create the illusion of compartments, but actually exist as electronic tables of contents.

Folders are created by the operating system and applications when they are installed. Applications generally default to saving data in the Documents or My Documents folder; however, users can create and name their own folders, and the apps will generally use them the next time data are saved. For example, to create a new folder on the desktop, right click the desktop and select New Folder.

Folders and Directories
The folder metaphor was introduced on the Xerox Star in 1981; later popularized on the Mac and in Windows. In the earlier Unix and DOS environments, the same organization structure was called a "directory," and subfolders were called "subdirectories."

Since the Mac actually became a Unix computer, and the Unix/Linux worlds thrive along with Windows, the terms "folder" and "directory" are used synonymously. In fact, it is not uncommon for people to intersperse the two terms in the same sentence. See files vs. folders, file and Win Folder organization.


Folders on the Desktop
Folders in all graphical environments are pictured as paper file folders, the type that fit in a file cabinet. This excerpt from a Mac desktop shows two files (top) and two folders (bottom).
References in periodicals archive ?
TrustedReviews: "When turned on, the feature only allows specific apps to access and write to certain folders, with desktop, pictures, movies, and documents folders included on the list of protected folders by default.
The procurement, vendor and customer folders are dedicated solutions serving the needs of purchasing agents, key account managers, sales representatives and account managers.
Inheriting the advantage of the previous version, Wise Folder Hider 3.
According to The Verge, the method will work similar to iOS, where you drag one tile on top of another and it creates a folder that can then be renamed.
This is an important point: make sure your home screen is full and has no other folders except for the blank one you just created.
Optimized encryption algorithm protects the hidden files, folders or documents from being accessed, even from shortcuts or recent document lists.
It is recommended that an employee (and a backup) be designated to monitor and control the establishment of new folders in the directory.
Your other folders of the same type should now look like the folder you just customised.
The folder is password-protected and takes photos of anyone trying to enter it.
Some of us look where we think things should be, typically navigating a hierarchy of folders.
By virtual I mean it will then go through your entire Inbox (including sub-folders, deleted and sent items) and group them into a new folder.
The eBoard module uses eOPF technology to allow authorized users, such as board members, to access and view folders identified for use by specific boards.