folk dance

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folk dance,

primitive, tribal, or ethnic form of the dancedance
[Old High Ger. danson=to drag, stretch], the art of precise, expressive, and graceful human movement, traditionally, but not necessarily, performed in accord with musical accompaniment. Dancing developed as a natural expression of united feeling and action.
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, sometimes the survival of some ancient ceremony or festival. The term is used also to include characteristic national dances, country dances, and figure dances in costume to folk tunes. Many children's games, such as "London Bridge" and "The Farmer in the Dell," are traditional folk dances. More elaborate examples are the Spanish fandangofandango
, ancient Spanish dance, probably of Moorish origin, that came into Europe in the 17th cent. It is in triple time and is danced by a single couple to the accompaniment of castanets, guitar, and songs sung by the dancers.
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, the Bohemian polkapolka,
ballroom dance for couples in 2/4 time. Originated by Bohemian peasants about 1830 from steps of the schottische and other dances, the polka by 1835 reached the drawing rooms of Prague, from which it spread to the capitals of Europe.
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, the Hungarian czardas, the Irish jigjig,
dance of English origin that is performed also in Ireland and Scotland. It is usually a lively dance, performed by one or more persons, with quick and irregular steps. When the jig was introduced to the United States, it was often danced in minstrel shows.
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, the Scottish Highland flingHighland fling,
national dance of Highland Scotland. Composed in the duple rhythm of the strathspey, a variety of reel, it is characterized by the Scotch snap (a succession of sixteenth notes alternating with dotted eighths). The "fling" emphasizes a kicking gesture.
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, the Hawaiian hula, and the English morris dancemorris dance
or morrice dance,
rustic dance of the north of England that had its origin in country festivals, such as those of May Day and Whitsunday. Reference to it in English literature is made as early as the 15th cent.
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, sword dance, and Maypole dance. American barn dances, such as the Virginia reel, are largely derived from European sources. Early in the 20th cent. Cecil James SharpSharp, Cecil James,
1859–1924, English musician, best known for his researches in English folk music. In 1911 he founded the English Folk Dance Society. In the United States he collected (1914–18) folk songs in the Appalachian Mts.
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, founder of the English Folk Dance Society, made a notable collection of English folk songs and dances. The American Folk Dance Society has done much to preserve the knowledge of old American country dances, and a similar interest has developed in other countries. A popular form of recreation, folk dancing is often taught in schools.

Bibliography

See M. D. Lidster and D. H. Tamburini, Folk Dance Progressions (1965, repr. 1978); A. S. Duggan et al., Folk Dance Library (5 vol., 1948, repr. 1980).

folk dance

1. any of various traditional rustic dances often originating from festivals or rituals
2. a piece of music composed for such a dance
References in periodicals archive ?
The ensemble performed with a diverse repertoire, consisting of ancient and modern folk dances.
For his part, Ballesteros tapped folk dance teachers Roldan Bonifacio and Janet Amor.
Folk dances are important in the development of dance in China.
Ibolya said: "Hungarian folk dance is a big part of my life.
Dubai-based Filipino folk dance troupe called Lunhaw International Performing Arts Dubai.
The festival features a host of special accommodation offers, Russian-themed indoor fairs, and folk dance performances.
The opening ceremony of the workshop was followed by live folk musical performances, folk dances and cultural shows.
| Teesside Travellers Folk Dance Group performing one of their English folk dances at Kirkletham Old Hall Museum during Redcar Folk Festival in July 1989
Yes, it is sad that only a few can see the embodiment of Who is the Filipino through our folk dances. But I still have hope that our future generations of teachers will continue to inculcate in the minds of our young that folk dances tell beautiful stories about one's culture.
Ginsberg, who has taken part in the Eugene event for two years now, has been teaching Balkan folk dance for more than 50 years, ever since he was 16.
ANKARA (CyHAN)- A group of people from a workers' union performed folk dance with shawn-and-drum in an interesting protest against retired Gen.
This year's festival also plays host to a number of dance teams set to perform free demonstrations of a range of international folk dances, including Welsh, Appalachian Bluegrass, clog and morris dancing, plus visiting teams from Latvia and Finland who will also be displaying their skills during the weekend.