Bearman states: The initiative for the Folk-Song
Society's foundation came from the Irish Literary Society, in particular from two people [Alfred Perceval Graves and Kate Lee], both Anglo-Irish.' (31) Bearman, as ever, is strong on the facts of the story.
This view of folklore as a dynamic process is one generally accepted widely in the West, but only in a few places in Russia and not at all among folk-song
The important early collections of folk-song
texts by Johann Gottfried Herder in 1778 and 1779, and by Achim von Arnim and Clemens Brentano from 1806 to 1808, and then the three-volume song editions with music of Ludwig Erk and Franz Magnus Bohme in 1893 and 1894 are cited as seminal documentary influences.
Abbreviations EFDSS English Folk Dance and Song Society VWML Vaughan Williams Memorial Library ED&S English Dance & Song FMJ Folk Music Journal (1965-) JEFDS Journal of the English Folk Dance Society (1927-31) JEFDSS Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society (1932-64) JFSS Journal of the Folk-Song
Society (1899-1931) URLs
Furthermore, the manuscript in Brahms's library containing In stiller Nacht and the Miserere mei Deus is not his collection of Volks-lieder aus dem Siebengebirge (preserved in Brahms's estate; Vienna, Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, A 129), as maintained by Kalbeck, but an entirely different manuscript - a pair of loose bifolia (double leaves) that are part of a large miscellany of folk-song
manuscripts and contain twenty-eight songs that Brahms copied, as he labelled them, "Aus der Sammlung des Hrn.
The founding of the Folk-Song
Society in 1898 has been previously discussed in Folk Music Journal by C.
The first is the "performer personality" kind of study that emerged in Russian folk-song
scholarship one hundred years ago and is exemplified for Anglo-American culture by Roger D.
(2) Vic Gammon, 'One Hundred Years of the Folk-Song
Society', in Folk Song: Tradition, Revival, and Re-Creation, pp.
In Anne Birrell's words, "The folk-songs
and ballads in this book belong to the oral tradition of the Hah period [202 B.C.E.
The four songs that Lucy Broadwood obtained from Potts were later published in the Journal of the Folk-Song
Society, along with items from Gavin Greig and the Revd James Bruce Duncan, under the heading 'Songs from Scotland and the North Country'.
My colleague on the Folk and Traditional Music degree course at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Dr Vic Gammon, contributes a scene-setting study entitled 'One Hundred Years of the Folk-Song
Society' and, predictably, the piece is thoroughly researched, perspicaciously written, with a great mix of chronology, personal experience, and critical response.
Miller's edition is meant to accompany the reprint of Greig's Folk-Song
in Buchan and Folk Songs of the North-East by Kenneth Goldstein and Arthur Argo in 1963, for he quite rightly believes that 'Greig's writing on folk song as opposed to the materials he collected' (Miller, i) is little known.