Fonseca, Manuel Deodoro da

Fonseca, Manuel Deodoro da

(mänwĕl` dēo͝othô`ro͝o dä fo͝onsĕ`kə), 1827–92, first president of Brazil (1891). A leader of the discontented militarists who helped overturn the empire (Nov., 1889), he headed the provisional government that established the republic. In 1891, Fonseca was elected president by the constituent assembly. Faced with growing opposition, he dissolved Congress (Nov., 1891) and was forced to resign. He was succeeded by vice president Floriano PeixotoPeixoto, Floriano
, 1842–95, Brazilian marshal and statesman, president of Brazil (1891–94). He took part in the establishment of the republic and was chosen vice president under Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca.
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Bibliography

See study by C. W. Simmons (1966).

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