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a cave with paleolithic paintings in the department of Dordogne in southern France. Font-de-Gaume was discovered in 1901 and investigated by D. Peyrony, H. Breuil, and other archaeologists. Approximately 200 depictions of bisons, horses, mammoths, deer, and “huts” are etched and painted in various colors on the cave walls. The relief of the walls was used to achieve a three-dimensional effect. The cave paintings date from the Magdalenian culture (15,000–11,000 B.C.)