Food Concentrates

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Food Concentrates


mixtures for the quick preparation of cooked dishes, consisting of dried plant (vegetable, fruit, and cereal) and animal (meat, dairy, and fish) products to which fats, sugar, condiments, and spices have been added. There are food concentrates for first courses (vegetable, bean, and milk soups), second courses (porridges, noodle dishes, dishes made with groats and cheese, vegetable and meat stews, omelets), and third courses (kisseli [kind of blancmange], gelatins, crèmes, and mousses), as well as special concentrates for infants made with cereal broths.

In preparing concentrates, the groats, legumes, vegetables, and other products undergo heat processing (boiling to a pulp, blanching, steaming), and they are partially flattened to ensure rapid cooking before being eaten. Modern technological methods have facilitated the production of concentrates from groats that require no cooking but acquire normal consistency (for example, porridges) after boiling water is poured over them and they are allowed to stand for several minutes. For dehydrating some food products used in concentrates, the most progressive method of sublimation drying is used. In order to increase the nutritional value of dinner concentrates and improve their flavor, protein products obtained by hydrolysis from plant and animal raw materials are added.

All food concentrates are manufactured in the form of briquettes or granules. Briquettes, usually weighing from 50 to 200 g, are wrapped in moisture-resistant materials (vegetable parchment, cellophane) and an outer paper cover. Granular concentrates are packaged in paper bags coated with polyethylene or other film materials. Also classified as food concentrates are dry breakfasts (mainly from cereals), oat and corn flakes, corn sticks, puffed rice, popcorn, fried potatoes, crackers, dry sauces, and cake mixes. Food concentrates may be stored at temperatures no higher than 20°C, with a relative humidity not exceeding 75 percent. The storage life of various food concentrates is three to 12 months.

Food concentrates have certain advantages over other products. They are very light, have a high caloric value, are convenient for storage and transportation, and may be used both in homes, and restaurants and on expeditions and marches.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, a restriction was imposed on the application of financial resources for the acquisition of canned food, sausages, confectionery, compound foods, semi-prepared or ready-to-eat preparations and food concentrates (19,20).
With recent research indicating that food and food concentrates may be capable of modifying genetic damage, this book sets a precedence for striving for the very best when readers make their food selection.
Ammonia caramel (E150c) was produced in a pilot scale at the Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology, Department of Food Concentrates and Starch Products, in Poznan.
Biofresh S.A., one of the leading fruit processors and exporters in Greece, unveiled a plan to build a $10 million factory to produce and export food concentrates, as well as investing in the land reclamation project of 1.5 feddans (one feddan = 1,.025 acres) in the Western Desert.
Bruggen KG, August-Kiy Ltd., Zlakovo, JSC Ecotechnika, Vasha Kasha, PJSC Dnepropetrovsk plant food concentrates, Industrial Group "KUNTSEVO, Loostdorf, Racio s.r.o., , Nestle S.A., The Kellogg Company, Sunny Food, Roshen Confectionery Corporation, Mondelyoz International, Inc., Konti Group, Bulochno-konditerskij kombinat (BKK), Ferrero SpA, PKF "ONYX" Confectionery, Chipita S.A., Jacobsons Bakery Ltd, Lagoda, Bahlsen GmbH & Co.
Then, fill any dietary inadequacies with food concentrates and vitamin supplements.
While synthetic supplements are created in a laboratory by reconstructing molecules chemically, natural supplements are made from food concentrates like spirulina, wheat germ, barleygrass, gingko biloba, amla or neem.
It is well known that disease transmission is increased where animals or birds gather in large numbers, something that many birds will do in the winter months when lack of food concentrates birds in particular areas (such as at garden bird feeding stations).
824397 Food concentrates as ready-to-eat food or for mixing, consisting essentially of milk powder and/or animal and/or vegetable protein including, carbohydrates with added vitamins, minerals and sugar, both in solid and liquid form; food concentrates as ready-to-eat food or for mixing, consisting essentially of animal or vegetable protein or dried fruits including, carbohydrates, plant fiber, cereals and sugar, both in solid and liquid form; the aforementioned goods also as dietetic and calorie-reduced products, not for medical purposes; all included in Class 29.