food pyramid

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food pyramid

or

Food Guide Pyramid,

diagram used in nutrition education that fits food groups into a triangle and notes that, for a healthful diet, those at the base should be eaten more frequently than those at the top. At the base of the pyramid are breads, cereals, rice, and pasta, with a recommendation that 6 to 11 servings be eaten daily. On the next levels up are the vegetable (3 to 5 servings) and fruit (2 to 4 servings) groups, followed by the dairy group (2 to 3 servings) and a group including meats, eggs, nuts, and dry beans (2 to 3 servings). Fats, oils and sweets are at the apex, with a recommendation that they be eaten sparingly.

The Food Guide Pyramid was adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Department in 1992 as a replacement for the "four food groups" scheme that had been used to teach children about nutrition since the 1950s. The four food groups (the milk group, the meat group, the bread and cereals group, and the vegetable and fruit group) had put a greater emphasis on the consumption of meat and dairy products. The adoption of the food pyramid design was delayed by debate between nutritionists (who felt that it was an effective teaching tool that demonstrated current thinking about the benefits of a low-fat, high–complex carbohydrate diet) and the meat and dairy industries (which felt that the positioning of their products among the foods to be consumed less frequently implied that those foods were unhealthful). It was also criticized by many nutritionist who felt it did not distinguish clearly between more healthy and less healthy choices within the food groups. When the Food Guide Pyramid was revised in 2005, vertical sections were used to represent the components of a healthy diet. The food pyramid was replaced as a government guide to proper nutrition by a platelike design known as MyPlate in 2011.

food pyramid

[′füd ‚pir·ə‚mid]
(ecology)
An ecological pyramid representing the food relationship among the animals in a community.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Almost everyone is familiar with the Food Guide Pyramid, but not many people are as familiar with the Physical Activity Pyramid.
Not only will students learn about nutrition, good eating habits, and the food guide pyramid, but they can also play interactive games that help them track nutrients, make and understand good food choices, and learn to cook healthy foods.
While experts are applauding the inclusion of exercise in the nation's revamped food guide pyramid, they also question the value of a national dietary icon that lacks details and requires the use of a computer to interpret.
Following on the heels of the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) release of the new dietary guidelines in January, a new icon meant to replace the old Food Guide Pyramid (issued in 1992) was released in April to simplify the recommendations.
The new dietary guidelines and more recently the Food Guide Pyramid largely are the same advice that led to the obesity problem in America.
The new Food Guide Pyramid program is based on the premise that individual consumers will log on to the new USDA Web site, www.mypyramid.gov; enter their ages, genders, and physical activity levels; and get their own, somewhat personalized food pyramids.
Experts are applauding the inclusion of exercise in the nation's revamped food guide pyramid, but they also question the value of a national dietary icon that lacks details and requires the use of a computer to interpret.
With the recent introduction of the new Food Guide Pyramid, we can expect an increasing number of products that promote their whole grains status.
General Mills is stepping forward to advance nutrition education in America by announcing that more than 100 million boxes of its Big G cereal brands will carry the new USDA food guide pyramid, now known as MyPyramid, along with important nutritional information.
Topics included food-appropriate Food Guide Pyramid food group, nutrient-food association, and nutrient-job association.
Would he have yelped about the restructuring of America's Food Guide Pyramid? Would he have appreciated (along with a sip of the bubbly and a fancy stogie) the wit and wisdom of "Super Size Me"--the odyssey of a man's 30-day McDonald's diet?